🖐 MIT Blackjack Team - Wikipedia

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How to Disguise Your Card Counting Skills: Don’t Let the Casino Catch You
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MIT Blackjack Team - Wikipedia
The Truth about Backoffs as a Card Counter

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This Is What Happens When You Get Caught Counting Cards Playing Blackjack - Snotr
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Find sources: — · · · · April 2012 The MIT Blackjack Team was a group of students and ex-students from,and other leading colleges who used techniques and more sophisticated strategies to beat at worldwide.
The team and its successors operated successfully from 1979 through the beginning of the 21st century.
Many other blackjack teams have been formed around the world with the goal of beating the casinos.
Main article: Blackjack can blackjack sky vegas legally beaten by a skilled player.
Beyond the of when to hit and when to stand, individual players can use card counting, or to improve their odds.
Since the early 1960s a large number of card counting schemes have been published, and casinos have adjusted the rules of play in an attempt to counter the most popular methods.
The idea behind all card counting is that, because a low card is usually bad and a high card usually good, and as cards already seen since the last shuffle cannot be at the top of the deck and thus drawn, the counter can determine the high and low cards that have already been played.
He or she thus knows the probability of getting a high card 10,J,Q,K,A as compared to a low card 2,3,4,5,6.
In 1980, six MIT students and residents of the at MIT taught themselves card-counting.
They traveled to during the spring break to win their fortune.
The group went their separate ways when most of them graduated in May of that year.
Most never gambled again, but some of them maintained an avid interest in card counting and remained in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
They offered a course on blackjack for MIT's January, 1980 Independent Activities Period IAPduring which classes may be offered on almost any subject.
In late November 1979, a professional blackjack player contacted one of the card-counting students, J.
Massar, after seeing a notice for the blackjack course.
He proposed forming a new group to go to Atlantic City to take advantage of the 's recent ruling that made it illegal for the Atlantic City casinos to ban card counters.
Instead, casinos would have to ban players individually.
They recruited more MIT students as players at the January blackjack class.
They played intermittently through May 1980 and increased their capital four-fold, but were nonetheless more like a loose group sharing capital than a team with consistent strategies and quality control.
In May 1980, J.
Massar, known as "Mr.
M" in theoverheard a conversation about professional blackjack at a Chinese restaurant in Cambridge.
He introduced himself to the speaker, Bill Kaplan, a 1980 Harvard MBA graduate who had run a successful blackjack team in three years earlier.
Kaplan had earned his BA at Harvard in 1977 and delayed his admission to Harvard Business School for a year, when caught counting cards blackjack book moved to Las Vegas and formed a team of blackjack players using his own research and statistical analysis of the game.
Using funds he received on graduation as Harvard's outstanding scholar-athlete, Kaplan generated more than a 35 fold in fewer than nine months of play.
Kaplan continued to run his Las Vegas blackjack team as a sideline while attending Harvard Business School but, by the time of his graduation in May 1980, the players were so "burnt out" in Nevada they were forced to hit the international circuit.
Not feeling he could continue to manage the team successfully while they traveled throughout Europe and elsewhere, encountering different rules, playing conditions, and casino practices, Kaplan parted ways with his teammates, who then splintered into multiple small playing teams in pursuit of caught counting cards blackjack book favorable conditions throughout the world.
Kaplan observes Massar and friends in action After meeting Kaplan and hearing about his blackjack successes, Massar asked Kaplan if he was interested in going with a few of Massar's blackjack-playing friends to Atlantic City to observe their play.
Given the fortuitous timing Kaplan's parting with his Las Vegas teamhe agreed to go in the hopes of putting together a new local team that he could train and manage.
Kaplan observed Massar and his teammates playing for a weekend in Atlantic City.
He noted that each of the players used a different, and overcomplicated, card counting strategy.
This resulted in error rates that undermined the benefits of the more complicated strategies.
Upon returning to Cambridge, Kaplan detailed the problems he observed to Massar.
Kaplan capitalizes a new team Kaplan said he would back a team but it had to be run as a business with formal management procedures, a required counting and betting system, strict training and player approval processes, and careful tracking of all casino play.
A couple of the players were initially averse to the idea.
They had no interest in caught counting cards blackjack book to learn a new playing system, being put through "trial by fire" checkout procedures before being approved to play, being supervised in the casinos, or having to fill out detailed player sheets such as casino, cash in and consider, live casino blackjack big wings can out totals, time period, betting strategy and limits, and the rest for every playing session.
However, their keen interest in the game coupled with Kaplan's successful track record won out.
The newly capitalised "bank" of the MIT Blackjack Team started on 1 August 1980.
Ten players, including Kaplan, Massar, Jonathan, Goose, and 'Big Dave' aka 'coach', to distinguish from the Dave in the first round played on this bank.
Ten weeks later they more than doubled the original stake.
Per the terms of the investment offering, players and investors split the profits https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/casino-blackjack-house-edge-percentage.html players paid in proportion to their playing hours and computer simulated win rates.
The team often recruited students through flyers and the players' friends from college campuses across the country.
The team tested potential members to find out if they were suitable candidates and, if they were, the team thoroughly trained the new members for free.
Fully trained players had to pass an intense "trial by fire," consisting of playing through 8 six-deck shoes with almost perfect play, and then undergo further training, supervision, and similar check-outs in actual casino play until they could become full stakes players.
The group combined individual play with a team approach of counters and big players to maximize opportunities and disguise the betting patterns that card counting produces.
In a 2002 interview in magazine, John Chang, an MIT undergrad who joined the team in late 1980 and became MIT team co-manager in the mid-1980s and 1990sreported that, in addition to classic card counting and blackjack team techniques, at various times the group used advanced shuffle and ace tracking techniques.
While the MIT team's card counting techniques can give players an overall edge of about 2 percent, some of the MIT team's methods have been established as gaining players an overall edge of about sorry, blackjack carnival free game apologise percent.
The MIT Team's approach was originally developed by Al Francesco, elected by professional gamblers as one of the original seven inductees into the Blackjack Hall of Fame.
Blackjack team play was first written about byan early member of Al Francesco's teams.
Uston's book on blackjack team play, Million Dollar Blackjack, was published shortly before the founding of the first MIT team.
Kaplan enhanced Francesco's team methods and used them for the MIT team.
The team concept enabled players and investors to leverage both their time and money, reducing their "risk of ruin" while also making it more difficult for casinos to detect card counting at their tables.
Having played and run successful teams since 1977, Caught counting cards blackjack book reached a point in late 1984 where he could not show his face in any casino without being followed by the casino personnel in search of his team members.
As a consequence he decided to fall back on his growing real estate investment and development company, his "day job" since 1980, and stopped managing the team.
He continued for another year or so as an caught counting cards blackjack book player and investor in the team, now being run by Massar, Chang and Bill Rubin, a player who joined the team in 1984.
The MIT Blackjack Team ran at least 22 partnerships in the time period from late 1979 through 1989.
At least 70 people played on the team in some capacity either as counters, Link Players, or in various supporting roles over that time span.
In 1992, Bill Kaplan, J.
Massar, and John Chang decided to capitalize on the opening of in nearbywhere they planned to train new players.
Acting as the General Partner, they formed a Massachusetts Limited Partnership in June 1992 called Strategic Investments to bankroll the new team.
Structured similar to the numerous real estate development limited partnerships that Kaplan had formed, the limited partnership raised a million dollars, significantly more money than any of their previous teams, with a method based on 's high low system.
It involved three players: a big player, a controller, and a spotter.
The spotter checked when the deck went positive with card counting, the controller would bet small constantly, wasting money, and verifying the spotter's count.
Once the controller found a positive, he would signal to the big player.
He would make a massive bet, and win big.
Confident with this new funding, the three general partners ramped up their recruitment and training efforts to capitalize on the opportunity.
Over the next two years, the MIT Team grew to nearly 80 players, including groups and players in Cambridge, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, California, Illinois, and Washington.
Sarah McCord, who joined the team in 1983 as an MIT student and later moved to California, was added as a partner soon after SI was formed and became responsible for training and recruitment of West Coast players.
At various times, there were nearly 30 players playing simultaneously at different casinos around the world, including Native American casinos throughout the country, Las Vegas, Atlantic City, Canada, and island locations.
Never before had casinos throughout the world seen such an organized and scientific onslaught directed at the game.
While the profits rolled in, so did the "heat" from the casinos, and many MIT Team members were identified and barred.
These members were replaced by fresh players from MIT, Harvard, and other colleges and caught counting cards blackjack book, and play continued.
Eventually, investigators hired by casinos realized that many of those they had banned had addresses in or near Cambridge, and the connection to MIT https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-tournament-foxwoods.html a blackjack site team became clear.
The detectives obtained copies of recent MIT yearbooks and added photographs from it to their image database.
With its leading players banned from most casinos and other more lucrative investment opportunities opening up at the end of the recession, Strategic Investments paid out its substantial earnings to players and investors and dissolved its partnership on December 31, 1993.
After the dissolution of Strategic Investments, a few of the players took their winnings and split off into two independent groups.
The Amphibians were primarily led bywith Dukach as the big player, Katie Lilienkamp a controllerand a spotter.
The other team was the Reptiles, led byManlio Lopez and Wes Atamian.
These teams had various legal structures, and at times million dollar banks and 50+ players.
By 2000 the 15+ year reign of the MIT Blackjack Teams came to an end as players drifted into other pursuits.
In 1999, a member of the Amphibians won at Max Rubin's 3rd Annual Blackjack Ball competition.
The event was featured in an October 1999 article, which said the winner earned the unofficial title "Most Feared Man in the Casino Business".
While originally marketed as nonfiction, Mezrich later admitted characters and stories in the book were mostly fictive and composites of players and stories he had heard about through.
The private investigation firm referred to as Plymouth in Bringing Down the House was.
Many events in this book were at least partly based on incidents that occurred during the team's Strategic Investments era.
The script took significant with events, with most of its plot being invented for the movie, hence it refers to being 'inspired by true events' rather than 'based on true events.
The characters in the movie were also fictionalized amalgams of various players throughout the years of the team's existence - for example, the character Choi is very loosely and inaccurately variants is it illegal to count cards in blackjack join on Johnny Chang, and the character Ben Campbell, is an amalgam of numerous players, with the opening scene based on Big Dave's interview, and subsequent admission to Harvard Medical School, where much of the interview revolved around his participation on the team.
Other Several members of the two teams have used their expertise to start careers as well as businesses teaching others how to count cards.
Retrieved 26 May 2014.
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Movies and TV shows often depict blackjack card counting as this glamorous. worth noting about card counting is that it isn't this ultimate blackjack strategy that... This prompted him to move to Las Vegas, where a new game caught his ...

How do casinos catch card counters?
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This Is What Happens When You Get Caught Counting Cards Playing Blackjack - Snotr
Banned for counting cards from the Akwesasne Mohawk Casino and Resort in way upstate New York

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You can read all about it here. There are many ways to count cards and take the advantage over the casino. Unfortunately, if you're caught counting cards you'll probably be asked to leave the table. Having said that, it's still possible to count cards when playing blackjack without getting caught.

Blackjack - Counting Cards - Wizard of Odds
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How to beat the casino – legally
What do you find to be the best method for counting cards in blackjack?
When you play do you count the cards?
And lastly would you even bother trying to count cards in a six-deck game?
There is a trade off with card counting strategies between power and ease of use.
I personally recommend the high-low count.
There are more complicated strategies out there, that are marginally more powerful, but much more difficult to use.
Personally, I rarely count cards any longer.
Six deck games are indeed worth counting if the rules are favorable and at least 75% or so of the cards are dealt.
In by Stuart Perry, the author spent most of his time playing 2 and 6 decks games, as caught counting cards blackjack book to single deck.
What is the value of the blackjack system called "Mastering the Flow?
It claims not to be a counting system, yet the vague description of the system that the website gives makes it sound like counting to me.
The claims are pretty out-there: "Win every time" etc.
I count cards using the KO PREFERREDand understand that this new "system" has to be either a simplistic count strategy, or a scam.
Would you look into it for us, the gullible public?
I had a look at the web site and also found what little he says about the theory behind his system makes it sound like card counting.
However I'm deeply skeptical of anything that claims to "blow old fashioned card counting away.
Love your site, I have a math degree and I am a counter who has made numerous trips to and I want more info start to use my math skills to play poker.
Can I gain an advantage similar to counting in blackjack?
First, let me say that I'm not an expert on poker.
It is no big secret that is the most popular form.
In this game there are five community cards and only two down cards per player so a person good at calculating probabilities has more to go on.
However, even the best math genius may make a bad poker player if he can't read the other players or the other players can easily read him both of which I think are true in my case.
On your blackjack page, in theyou indicate that the player has the edge in single-deck blackjack.
Numerous Vegas Casinos offer single-deck blackjack, but I doubt they are dealing a losing game.
Is your page incorrect or are the casinos just gambling on their clients not being able to play basic blackjack.
A friend of mine and I have a bet riding on this.
Is it true that with even a simple card counting system a competent blackjack player can consistently walk away a winner in the long run?
Thanks for your help.
You have a legitimate point.
At the time you wrote this I indicated the house edge according to a fixed set of rules that varied only by the number of decks.
However, in real life, when single deck is offered the other rules invariably become more stingy.
I have already enhanced the house edge table in the blackjack section to include a wider variation in rules.
The typical Las Vegas single-deck game does not allow doubling after a split and the dealer hits a soft 17.
With these rules, the house edge is 0.
The best single-deck game is at the Slots-a-Fun next to Circus Circus where the dealer stands on soft 17 for a player edge of 0.
Next door, at the Westward Ho, double after a split is allowed but the dealer hits a soft 17 for a house edge of 0.
About card counting, absolutely not, even the best of card counters will lose often.
An entire month can be at a loss.
Only over the very long haul does a net profit become likely.
Update: Since this writing the Westward Ho was torn down and the Slots-a-Fun has slots only.
Your newsletter gives the casino advantage on Spanish 21 as 0.
How effective is card counting in further reducing this house advantage and giving the advantage to the player?
Yes, this house edge is definitely low enough to consider card counting.
However counting may not be as effective in Spanish 21 as regular blackjack.
To the best of my knowledge nobody has developed index numbers for Spanish 21 but somebody should.
Great web page wiz!
I like to think of myself as a wiz of sorts.
Question -- I like to play casino blackjack -- https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/como-jugar-al-blackjack-bien.html Las Vegas, I've been using Hi Opt 1 counting without great success.
In Casino Player Magazine Aug.
Can you comment on these and tell me the point values assigned under these systems?
A book could be written in response to this question.
Please excuse me for only scraping the surface.
There are different ways to measure the strength of any given system.
My opinion is that the serious player should use the most powerful system that they are comfortable with.
It is better to play a level 1 system like the Hi Opt I well than to play a level 2 system badly like the Hi Opt II.
Biloxi, Mississippi casino has single-deck blackjack dealt to the bottom.
What is the casino's edge on this game?
Does the basic strategy for blackjack still hold still hold for this game?
Dealing to the bottom of the deck would not help the basic strategy player but greatly benefits the counter.
There would be no changes to the basic strategy.
However, this game may be of interest to card counters.
Vegas World now the Stratosphere in Las Vegas used to have such a game but I don't think card counters ever took it seriously because of other adverse rules like a blackjack only paying even money.
I have never gambled on-line, but I would suppose that since you play the games from your computer, with no one watching, it would be a lot easier to do things like card counting or even using a computer to make your decisions.
Do on-line casinos have any way to check if you're cheating?
Also, do you have a time limit to play each hand?
Yes, you can easily count cards when playing blackjack online.
click to see more, most casinos shuffle after every hand.
For those that don't, software exists to tell you the exact correct play given any deck composition.
However, such places generally have strict rules against card counters.
As long as you aren't playing at a multi-player table or live dealer, there is no time limit to play a hand.
Is counting cards in blackjack or any other card game for that matter pointless if one is using a truly infinite deck?
Do you change your strategy based on the play of other players at your table?
For example, you have players who hit when the dealer has a bust card face up taking the bust cards and therefore the dealer does not bust.
Unless you are a card counter, how other players play should not affect what you do.
Basic strategy players should stick to the basic strategy no matter how badly the other players play.
Other players are just as likely to help you as hurt you.
In the end, it makes no difference how they play.
Counter can play any number of boxes, and any bet amount.
Counter can stop at any time, but cannot rejoin a shoe after missing a hand, or join a shoe that is partway through.
I haven't done any simulations, but my educated option is a definite yes, this game can be beaten.
The strategy to use in this game would be to bet the minimum when the odds are against you and the maximum when they are in your favor.
Normally a sudden 50 times increase in bet size would set off a huge red flag but it seems the counter could do this with impunity in your game.
After taking a huge beating, the Atlantic City casinos begged the gaming authorities for a change in the rules, which they got.
Not only could this be beaten, but I think it would be a card counters dream.
What is the best counting system to use.
I've tried the Hi-Lo balanced and the KO unbalanced.
I like the KO system best because it seems to be the easiest.
But I have a fairly good mathematical mind and am able to concentrate pretty well.
I play in Biloxi, usually only double-deck games, DAS, split any pair, dealer stands on soft 17, one card after splitting aces, no surrender.
What's the best, don't mind a bit difficult, but don't want too difficult.
There is no best card counting system.
Personally I like balanced systems but don't know enough about the KO system to comment.
My opinion is that you should only consider systems you are comfortable using and among them weight both the power of the system and how comfortable you are with it.
You might try asking this at.
I recently started gambling online and like your site more than any other gambling site I've found.
Somewhere I remember you wrote that every online casino you'd seen shuffled the decks after every game.
By game to you mean hand?
Also, if they shuffle after every hand, doesn't this minimize the benefit of card counting?
Is there any significant benefit to card counting in that case?
Most online casinos shuffle after every hand.
However, the six-deck game at Unified Gaming casinos shuffles at a random point in the deck.
I have heard of other casinos that also penetrate more than one hand into a shoe, but I don't recall which ones.
If the cards are shuffled after every hand there is no use in card counting, other than applying my.
I play blackjack using Basic Strategy.
I raise my bet if I see a bunch of low cards and lower my bet it if I see high cards.
On my last trip to Las Vegas, two casinos asked me to step away from the table and told me to leave!
Please comment on this.
It does not seem fair.
You obviously understand that a deck rich in high cards favors the player and a deck rich in low cards favors the dealer.
Although your method is the crudest form of card counting it is still card counting.
Nevada casinos have the legal right to do what they did.
In the future, I would recommend being more discrete.
Never more than double your bet, preferably only after winning.
If you feel you're being watched, then get up and leave before they do it for you.
Don't play too long in any one place.
Ian Anderson's "Turning the Tables in Las Vegas" gives lots of tips about looking like an ordinary player while card counting.
As a card counter, what are the odds to make it as a professional blackjack player?
What do we have to do?
First, it takes a lot of time to learn the theory and strategy of card counting and get your counting speed up to casino play.
For most people, I think it is better to play part time.
I realize that card counting is pretty much a thing of the past and only if you can find a single-deck game.
I also realize that if you are good at it you will probably be asked to leave which just about loses my interest in it.
Card counting is still alive and well.
It is just as easy to count one deck as it is to count eight.
Many card counters prefer the multi-deck games.
There is lots that can be done to avoid being asked to leave, like short playing sessions and acting like a typical bad player.
I try to explain why card counting works in my.
I have just got into online gambling and have referred to your site for pretty much everything.
I appreciate all the information on the single-deck information, but what about the six deck game?
Can you tell me the player or dealer edge in this game as well as a basic strategy?
It would seem to me that this would be one of the best bets at which to count cards.
You should follow my multiple-deck strategy but surrender against aces in the same hands as the single-deck strategy.
I haven't studied if counting this game is more profitable than the single-deck game, but I would be interested to hear from anyone who is doing as you suggest.
I read on your web site that you recently had a chance to visit Tunica, Mississippi.
I play very often at the Grand.
I am sure you have heard of the side bet known as Triple 7s.
I don't consider myself a good card counter, or even an average one, but say no 7s had been played at all in six hands would the odds not be in my favor to play the side bet?
Yes, I've seen that bet in Tunica.
I address it in my.
I agree that side bet would seem very countable.
First of all, I think your web site is great and want to thank you for all this great, solid information.
My question is this: blackjack tables have a maximum bet limit that more than increases when you move up from the five dollar table to the ten etc.
I suppose this is to discourage larger stakes gamblers from playing at lower stakes tables but how do they calculate these limits?
I notice that they are different at different casinos.
Also, on your chart of the house edge, it would be great to see a comparison of house edge for a blackjack player using Basic Strategy vs.
Thanks again for the great work.
Casinos generally try to keep the maximum bet about 200 to 500 times the minimum bet.
The answer seems to be that casinos click to see more to corral their big bettors into certain areas.
Such high-limit areas tend to have the best staff and surveillance.
Limiting the ratio of maximum to minimum bet is also a defense against cheating and advantage play.
The advantage of card counting depends on how good and aggressive the card counter is.
Other than myI leave that topic to other gambling writers.
There are a few cards left in the shoe part of the machine anywhere from 1 to 20 or click to see more that are not shuffled.
Is there any way this can be used to advantage?
For example, I was thinking that there is a lower but still not zero probability of having a card repeated two hands in a row.
Sit out if there were a lot of high cards last hand.
Maybe enough to skew the odds?
As a card counter it would probably be safe to use a true count from just the last hand played and off the top of a shoe.
I am an avid Blackjack player.
I guess my brain has trouble remembering the count while calculating my hand totals.
What is your method for keeping the running count straight in your head?
To be honest with you I forget the running count myself sometimes.
Other than that all I can suggest is play more.
The more you play the easier it should become.
Your site is great.
Being a beginner it has given me lots of good advice.
Thanks for the compliments.
Most online casinos shuffle the cards after every hand.
At single deck casinos Boss Media version 1, Microgaming, Unified Gaming you can use the cards already on the table to alter your play sometimes.
See my for all the details.
There are some casinos that play into a shoe a little way but not far, and have restrictive betting limits.
I have yet to be convinced of any worthwhile opportunity on the Internet to count cards.
If you can count down one deck you can count down six.
It source just a matter of counting longer between shuffles.
You said that sport betting would be one of the ways to earn a living.
Could you elaborate a little bit?
Does it have similar edge over the bookmaker as blackjack with card counting does over the casino?
Sports betting is not my strong point, although I plan to learn more about it when I have the time.
I will say it is hard to compare the profitability of sports betting to card counting.
Card counting is very technical and by the book.
Making money sports betting requires more judgement and is more subject to opinion.
There are various strategies one can employ to make money sports betting, for example looking to arbitrage games by taking both sides at different casinos under different point spreads, looking to exploit unusual proposition bets, or going after correlated parlays.
As you state on your site the house edge in blackjack is very low.
Maybe you should increase your bet when the dealer gets 4 or 5 cards, because the cards would likely be small and the next hand would be large card rich?
This is an oversimplified method of counting cards.
Better yet survey all the cards on the table.
If you see a lot of small cards, especially fives and sixes, and few large cards, especially aces, then raise your bet.
If you see the opposite then lower your bet.
The fewer the decks the better this will work.
Hello, thanks for the great website.
There is a lot of helpful information.
I hate to bother you, but I wanted to let you know about a variation of blackjack that I played recently.
They had a few tables that at first glance looked like 2 deck pitch blackjack.
Upon further examination they were using automatic shufflers and according to the rules they listed, this game consisted of eight decks and the automatic shuffler dispensed approximately 100 cards.
The game was dealt using these 100 cards.
The dealer put the cut card approximately half way in the 100 card deck and then dealt.
When the cut card was reached, the dealer would put the cards back in to the automatic shuffler and take 100 more cards from the machine and start dealing again.
In this game you could not double down after a split, and you could split up to 3 times.
Mathematically speaking this is the same as playing from an eight deck game.
Players have been known to be fooled, incorrectly thinking these are double deck games.
For card counting purposes the penetration is 50 out of 416, or 12.
I was recently playing single deck blackjack with one other patron at the table and right after the shuffle I got 2 aces and split them and got 21 on both hands!
My question is this: What should I do on the next hand considering that the deck just lost 3 aces and 4 tens and only 2 small cards?
Should I go to the bathroom, leave the table I had just sat down 2 hands prior.
Thanks for your great site.
It is just as fun to learn about all the different aspects of the games as it is to use your advice and know I am playing the best game I can!
This would be a good time to either bet small, go to the bathroom, or just leave, depending on your style of play.
Personally I hate bouncing up and down and would just bet small.
There are lots of books that explain specifically how to count cards.
However for the amateur if you see a disproportionate number of tens and aces leave the deck bet less.
Likewise bet more if lots of small cards leave the deck, especially fives and sixes.
Thanks for your kind words about my site.
The index number of 16 against a 10 in most blackjack counting systems is zero.
So if the deck were completely neutral you should stand, because you stand if the count is equal or exceeds the index number.
Yet the basic strategy tables tell us to hit.
This seems to be a contradiction.
My educated guess is that if the index numbers were not rounded then it would be greater than 0 but less than one half.
So it is getting rounded down to zero.
Making the index number 1 would result in more of a rounded error, causing players in slightly positive decks to hit when they should stand.
Michael, a person asked you if they are not counting cards in blackjack, what difference does it make how many decks are being caught counting cards blackjack book />You stated the difference had mostly to do with the number of stiff hands possible, due to the fact that if a small card came out it was more likely a large card would follow and vice-a-versa.
How could that be?
Would it still not be a random event with the possibility of a small or large card coming out being equal, if you are not counting?
Every legitimate blackjack expert agrees the house edge decreases as the number of decks goes down, all other rules being equal.
However it is hard to explain why.
First, it is true that you are more likely to get one small card and one big card in single-deck than multiple-deck.
Although stiffs can cut both ways the player has the free will to stand, the dealer must always hit them.
Is there software that will count cards as you input them?
Can this be used to play online blackjack?
Or does online blackjack shuffle after each hand?
Have a look at Beejack.
Most, but not all, casinos shuffle after every hand.
I don't know if it practical to actually use this product.
If you try it please let me know how you do, I might like to try it myself.
Note: The link to Beejack was removed in 2014, due to a potential virus with that site.
Proceed there with caution.
Does losing a hand at blackjack increase the probability that the composition of the deck is in your favor?
More specifically, is your expected return on one hand ever positive after a given net loss since the last shuffle?
Without knowing anything else, if you lost the last hand https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-256-coastal-reviews.html blackjack then it is slightly more likely that more small cards than large just left the deck.
This would make the remaining deck more large card rich and thus lower the house edge.
However I speculate this is an extremely small effect.
Yet it does go to show that if you must use a betting system one that increases the bet after a loss is better than one that increases after a win.
I hesitate to put this in writing at all because again the effect is probably link small and I fear system sellers will misquote me and imply I endorse any system, which I DO NOT.
Assuming you are good at estimating how many cards were left in the shoe.
No, it would be both harder and less powerful to only count the large cards.
The high cards count as -1 and the low cards as +1 and you keep a running total as you play.
So most cards offset each other and the running count tends to stay close to zero.
So you are only keeping track of one number.
If you only tracked high cards the total would run high and then you would have to carefully divide it by the number of remaining cards.
Even assuming you were good at estimating the number of remaining cards the division would be difficult to do well.
Love your site, please keep it up.
I have 2 questions would like to ask.
Is it useless or simply not as effective for other card games like baccarat?
Thanks for the kind words.
To answer question one, baccarat is not countable for all practical purposes.
I have wondered about your second question myself.
My shows that removing a 2 from each deck adds 0.
So if you must track only one the 2 is better.
The tracks both the 2 and 7.
Both times I did this the dealer yelled "table max" and the pit crew was suddenly watching the game very closely.
How close was I to getting backroomed in your opinion?
That tactic is only allowed in cases of cheating.
However it still has been known to happen.
Fortunately in such cases where the counter sued the case the counter won.
If I may say I think Canada is more mellow and non-confrontational than the U.
This is also my policy, unless I feel there is no heat at all.
Are there any published card-counting strategies for Spanish 21?
If not, do you think the rules of Spanish 21 make it conducive to counting?
There was discussion about this at www.
As I recall the consensus was that counting was not as advantageous as in blackjack but you could get away with a lot more.
I know of no published material on this.
Why is there so much written about card counting strategies in BJ, if they are not as rewarding "as television and the movies make it out to be"?
This seems highly illogical to me and is really puzzling.
There is a lot written about card counting simply because the books sell.
I suspect many people watch a movie like Rain Man and get interested in card counting.
Then they buy a book and realize it is too hard or give it a try and get discouraged because they lose.
Only the most patient, devoted, and well financed players stick with it.
I read somewhere that online casinos may shuffle the deck after every turn and that card counting then would be of no value.
How can I find out for sure if a casino is doing this?
You could test for how often the same card appears in two consecutive hands.
If you see fewer repeats than would argue that the cards are not shuffled after every hand.
It is easier, but less reliable, to just ask customer support.
Since you are very well-known and respected for your expertise on gambling, statistics, house odds, etc, do local casinos still allow you to play at their Blackjack tables, since you obviously are an experienced counter?
It is my policy not to count in Las Vegas.
So I am allowed to play blackjack at all but two casinos locally.
However last January I went to Reno and Lake Tahoe for a few days and was told not to play blackjack at four different casinos.
How many "successful" card counters, i.
In would say in a large Strip type casino the number of counters who know what they are doing on a given night is in my best guess one half of a single person or two casinos would have one person.
The reason I think it is this low is in my many hundreds of hours at the blackjack tables I only spotted other counters twice.
At the same time, if I read you right, you seem to say that you think half the players in a strip type casino are successful counters.
That seems to be a contradiction.
Maybe you meant one half of one percent.?
Assuming you see 10 or 12 players per hour that might be more in line with the math.
What I meant was half of one person, or one person for every two casinos.
However you were not the only person I confused so I reworded my original answer to say half on one person, not half of everyone playing.
What are the pros and cons of burning a card on a blackjack shoe game, when a new dealer taps onto the table?
If you are counting cards then it is like decreasing the penetration by one card.
Or do you not actually play at all?
join. sky vegas blackjack that think a lot of your "readers" would be interested in that, but you may not want your hosts to know!
The only time I might play for fun is if I am entertaining somebody visiting Vegas and am just out gambling with them.
Otherwise I always look for an edge.
I also play new games sometimes just to ensure that I understand the rules correctly.
I am a casual Basic Strategy blackjack player who would like to learn a counting technique that offers positive or even expected value.
Hopefully, my cards are representative of all cards played and thus the count of my hand is close enough to the true running count that I can adjust my wagering accordingly.
Do you feel that this could be a valid approach particularly against 6-8 deck shoes or am I just a lazy guy looking for the easy way out?
The easiest counting method is what I call the "eyeball" method, in which if you see lots of small cards come out then increase your bet, and vise versa.
However this is better suited to one and two deck games.
This requires only counting aces and fives.
According to Ken Uston in Million Dollar Blackjack this give the player an additional 0.
That is enough to overcome the house edge in most games.
Not being allowed to see other player cards until the end of the hand gives the player less information, which works against card counters.
Basically this looks like a two-way clicker to help the player keep track of the running count in blackjack.
From what I read there is no true count conversion or index number help.
Still knowing the running count and betting accordingly is much better than not counting at all.
It is also a clever disguise.
However be aware that using any device to help calculate the probabilities on any game in a Nevada casinos is a felony and carries a punishment comparable to bank robbery.
What incentive does a dealer have to "tell on you" if he suspects you are card counting.
Why would a dealer care if you are card counting or not?
If the counter were tipping then the dealer has the choice of not telling and getting more tips or tattling to get on the good side of casino management.
I think it in large part comes down to the attitude of the dealer, whether he is rooting for the player or the casino.
Dealers who are loyal to their employer first will probably tell, and tipping may not help.
Dealers share tips so the dealer you give your tip to may only get 1% of it.
In my opinion dealers loyal to the casino are more likely to be women than men and Asians over any other race.
The decision to tip is hotly debated in the counting community and many counters follow the Stanford Wong philosophy of only tipping if the cover it buys you is more than in value than the tip itself.
This go here explain the joke that the difference between a counter and a canoe is that a canoe sometimes tips.
Other counters tip anyway whether they think it buys them cover or not because they believe in tipping.
First of all thanks for the great site.
Is there no point in card counting if it is a single deck that is reshuffled after every hand?
There is still some point, especially with a full table.
According to my simulations in six-deck game with no three-card guarantee and 75% penetration the true count is 5 or greater 23.
In the game with a three-card guarantee the average advantage goes up to 29.
I was wondering how the house advantage would change if you played 5 click to see more at a time using basic strategy blackjack and card counting at an online casino.
I know the deck is shuffled with each hand, however you can count the cards of all hands leading up to the last hand - the 5th hand.
You can then use this information to help you modify your basic strategy betting.
For example, not doubling down when the count is against you or hitting when you normally should stay.
Could this possibly shift the overall odds to the players advantage?
Flat betting and only five spots, I think not.
However if you bet seven spots and progressively more on each spot to be played then yes.
This is called depth charging and is treated lightly in the book by Ian Andersen.
The index number of 16 against a 10 in most blackjack counting systems is zero.
So if the deck were completely neutral you should stand, because you stand if the count is equal or exceeds the index number.
Yet the basic strategy tables tell us to hit.
This seems to be a contradiction.
In all honesty this is an old question but I got a phrase earn money blackjack possible answer from Chris F.
A good example of this is that in single deck the correct play is to stand on 7,7 against a 10, because half of the sevens in the deck are already gone, and that is what you need to beat a dealer 20 with 3 cards.
Either way two cards that would bust the player by hitting have been removed.
So the deck is slightly rich in small cards that will not bust the player, giving the player an incentive to hit.
While this is true I was skeptical because in an infinite deck game the odds still favor hitting.
However except in a few Internet casinos an infinite deck is just an abstraction.
Then I gave the dealer a 10 and myself a 10 and 6.
So the player was playing this hand against a neutral deck with 31 of each card A-9 and 124 tens.
Here is the expected values: Https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/natural-blackjack-probability.html Expected Value Stand -0.
It is the same if I remove the following: A,2,3,4,5,6,8,10,10,10 to simulate 9,7 vs 10, because the player is going against the exact same neutral shoe.
It just goes to show how powerful the effect of removal is, even when just three cards in an eight-deck game.
So as I just showed going into a neutral deck the odds favor standing.
The reason hitting is correct in an infinite deck is because there is no effect of removal.
If you accidentally hit a 16 vs 10 in a neutral shoe, and got a low card, then the dealer would have a better chance of getting a 10 in the hole.
This fact is reflected in the higher expected value for standing in an 8-deck game, but would not matter in an infinite deck.
For the record, here are the expected values in an infinite deck game: I've been counting cards and things have been going okay.
I only go to casinos on the East Coast, but last week I was on vacation in Vegas.
Well I went to the Barbary Coast where they had two-deck blackjack with pretty good rules.
Anyway I didn't say anything took my chips cashed out and left!
Now do I have to worry about them having identified me with any kind of face recognition software or anything?
Do I have to worry on the East Coast?
The Barbary Coast is notorious for having a low tolerance for counters.
I wouldn't caught counting cards blackjack book about the incident going past the memory of that pit boss.
What happened to you is known as a "back off", which is nothing more than a warning.
To get in the Griffin Book of undesirable players you need to be a much more serious threat.
I don't know Griffin's secrets but in my estimation you need to be a black chip counter and have been backed off or read the trespass act several times before you make it in the book for the reason of card counting.
Would you still let them play?
Even 6 to 5 blackjack can be beaten if the penetration is close to 100% and a huge bet spread is used.
Sometimes counters will play such games because they can get away with much more.
The decision must be made on a case by case basis.
You have made it known that you use card counting in casinos.
Why do casinos let you still play in their casinos?
I was recognized in Reno when counting once, although it may have been by dealer who knew me personally and tattled.
It is a long and bizarre story.
Wizard, I have been reviewing your site in preparation for a trip to Vegas, because it is the best gambling site period.
I was intrigued by the analysis from your about when to stand with 16 vs.
Being a math person myself I want to maximize the odds, but also understand the slim gain.
Thanks for all you do!
Thanks for the kind words.
If it is a face-up game, with other players, I scan the table and just use my best judgment.
Mathematically speaking, third base is best because you have seen more cards by the time it is your turn, and thus have more information.
However, given six positions at the table, I personally prefer the fourth position because I have a better view of the entire table.
I know this will not change my results all that much, but I think it is a psychological barrier that many players wish to pass.
You can read all about it in my section on the.
In regards to yourwhat effects does real casino play versus your simulation have on the bank role needed to have a reasonable risk of ruin.
More specifically, is your simulation played head to head with a dealer, where when the count is high you are betting the higher bets more times per shoe than at a real table where read article players are using up cards when the count is high, resulting in fewer chances to bet when the count is high.
Yes, they will eat up cards when the count is good, but they will also do so when the count is bad.
Are there any other basic strategy changes that have a meaningful impact to expected return at various counts?
At some count you should start to accept insurance.
On your web page, you state that continuous shuffling machines reduce the house edge in Blackjack.
Although I have no doubt that you have proven this mathematically, this result appears to be in conflict with the "Floating Advantage" concept described in Chapter 6 of Don Schlesinger's.
Basically, the "Floating Advantage" concept appears to indicate that the house edge decreases as more decks are removed from play regardless of the true count.
For me, it is difficult to reconcile the fact that the house edge can decrease when cards are immediately replenished when CSMs are used and also when cards are utilized and not replenished when shoes are used.
Can you comment on this observation?
For the benefit of others, let me briefly summarize both arguments.
The states the house edge is less in a continuously shuffled game, as opposed to a cut-card game, all other things being equal.
The "Floating Advantage" concept states that for the card counter the odds get better the deeper into the deck or shoe the dealer gets.
According to Stanford Wong, ".
So, for example, the house edge in a six-deck with one deck left, at a count of zero, has about the same house edge as a single-deck game with the same rules.
Unfortunately the Floating Advantage does not benefit non-counters.
While they will benefit, unknowingly, at close to neutral true counts, they will do worse at extremely high and low counts.
According to Schlesinger, " Seems that, at the one-deck level, extremely high counts produce less edge than expected for the basic strategist many pushes and the extreme negative counts were found to be even more unfavorable than previously thought doubles, splits, and stands tend to be disastrous.
In conclusion, both the Cut-Card Effect and Floating Advantage are distinct topics and do not contradict each other.
To compare them is to compare apples and oranges.
For more information please read chapter 6 in by Don Schlesinger.
Spirit Mountain Casino in Grand Ronde Oregon added a side bet in the last 24 hours called "Field Gold 21.
The side bet can be between 1 and 25 dollars.
The pay table follows.
What is the house advantage?
If I keep an Aces and Fives count is there a positive count where the possible remaining aces make the bet a positive proposition?
Would counting remaining aces divided by remaining decks be better?
Here is the return table.
Is it possible to combine the Ace-Five system with some form of penetration adjustment.
Or is this just likely to draw more attention from the pit if they are looking for card counters?
However, you may make one yourself if you wish.
Just divide the running count by the number of decks remaining.
The greater the true count, the more you should bet.
Do all card counting strategies tell you the same information?
Or do the different systems consider different things to be advantageous to the player?
Thanks If different counters were using different count strategies at the same table the bet amounts would be highly correlated.
Most of the time they would all bet big or all bet small.
The close to neutral counts may see some diversity.
When the bet sizes are different, the counters with the more difficult, and thus more efficient, strategies are probably right.
There is a good table at on the index numbers and efficiency of various popular card counting strategies.
In the UK insurance is only offered on a blackjack.
Have I got this right?
The value of taking insurance, when the true count is +3 or more, adds 0.
However this does not come close to half the total advantage from strategy changes.
Looking only at the top 18 count dependent plays the Illustrious 18plus the top 4 count dependent surrenders the Fab Four the total value to the counter is 0.
So correct insurance accounts for only 25% of the value of strategy changes.
A good counter will gain about another 1% by betting more in good counts.
So taking away the insurance option reduces the total value of counting by only about 8%.
In the UK it would be slightly less because you can still insure with a blackjack.
The advantage figures are rough and depend on lots of things.
The value of all surrender deviations is about the same of insurance deviations.
If either is yes, caught counting cards blackjack book high or low?
That would increase your advantage, but at the risk of being backed off from the table.
My advice is to not do it.
Leaving the shoe in a low count is a well-known trick.
That is a great time to hit the bathroom or pretend your cell phone is vibrating.
It is up to you at what point to do this.
There is a tradeoff between suffering a shoe with a negative EV and looking like a counter jumping in and out all the time.
Thanks for the informative site.
I can effectively count cards at an online casino, playing head-to-head with the dealer.
At a real casino, however, I usually get distracted and lose the count.
If the cards are dealt face down, forget about it.
But that was in my pre-card counting days.
My question is whether the card counting pros come out at night when table traffic is down, and if so, is the casino more wary of 4:00 AM players than daytime or evening players?
Card counters usually prefer to play by themselves, all other things being equal.
Once when I was caught counting on a cruise ship, the casino manager was kind enough to list all the red flags I raised, and it was an embarrassingly long list.
One was playing at 3 A.
So, this casino manager at least felt counters were more of a risk late at night.
Given that experience, I think blending in at busy times outweighs the better conditions at slow times.
About losing the count, I recommend getting a deck of cards and flipping them over two at a time, keeping the count as you go.
Try to get through the deck, with an accurate count, within 25 seconds.
I was backed off while playing for low stakes at Sienna in Reno.
They were very nice about it, and just asked me to stop playing blackjack.
I play there about one weekend every four months.
I like playing there and would be happy to flat bet.
How likely is it that they would let me play again?
If I went back in four months and flat bet would they even recognize me?
Alternatively, would I be better off to approach the pit boss, tell him the situation and ask if I could play if I flat bet?
Thanks for the great web site!
Thank you for the compliment.
The Sienna is a classy casino, my favorite in Reno.
They are also one of the few places with a liberal single-deck game in Reno, in which you may double on any first two cards.
You should not ask permission to play, because they would be unlikely to reverse themselves.
Your odds are much better waiting before coming back.
Four months is pushing it on the delay, I would skip them a trip, and wait eight months.
Knowing the count, do my odds increase significantly enough to make a side bet of "over 13, under 13" worthwhile?
That side bet is extremely vulnerable to card counters.
As long as the minimum is not too low, you should be using another strategy to exploit it, one that treats aces as a low card.
Arnold Synder presents such a strategy in.
Otherwise, if you are using a standard hi-lo count, Synder says to only make the Over bet in very high counts.
That has actually happened to me.
I suppose if you did not comply, and were caught, they might make you get off at the next port, and not let you get back on.
Signage on my last cruise indicated they will do that if they catch you with illegal drugs.
This question is about counting cards in a two-deck blackjack game.
entertaining probability of getting a true blackjack congratulate usually just assume it is a negative, but there has to be a better all blackjack korean thank than this conservative approach.
A burned card is just like any unseen card left in the shoe.
In the Knock-Out count you can completely ignore it, because there is no true count conversion.
In the Hi-Lo, or any count with a true count conversion, a perfectionist would add the number of burn cards to the number of cards remaining in the deck.
However, since there is usually just one burn card, it can be safely ignored under any card counting strategy.
A learn more here reason is to foil card counters.
However, instead of burning x cards, the dealer could move the cut card x cards forward, and achieve the same purpose.
The major reason is game protection.
For one, the player might catch a glimpse of the top card, and alter his bet and strategy, based on this information.
Such a tactic would not be cheating, I might add.
The top card is also vulnerable to lots of cheating schemes.
It could be marked, the dealer could peek at it, or force a desired card to the top.
If for any reason the dealer knew what the top card was, he could signal that information to a confederate player, giving him a huge advantage.
I would have much better luck if I could just count the tens and never deal with negative numbers.
That should be possible, right?
The major factor is how "rich in tens" the deck is, right?
So my questions are: a Am I barking up the wrong tree entirely by thinking you could use just a count of tens adjusted for number of decks left, of course?
Lest any experts in blackjack history correct me, Lawrence Revere has a chapter on the Revere Ten Count Strategy in his classic work.
This strategy requires keeping two counts, one of tens, and one of everything else.
Play and bet amount is then dictated by the ratio of these two counts.
In my opinion, this strategy is too difficult to use.
I have yet to meet anybody who actually practices this count.
The requires only counting low cards, offset by adjustments in the number of hands played.
There are no adjustments for the number of decks left, known as a "true count conversion.
The effectiveness and ease of use are a topic of hot debate in the blackjack community.
For more information, please read my.
If negative numbers are the only issue, my webmaster Bluejay notes that you could adjust any counting system that does not involve a true count conversion, like the Knock Out, by starting at a higher number.
Of course, you should adjust all the index numbers by the same amount.
If the Lucky Lady side bet is only played when the true count is, say, 10 or above, will one beat the house edge?
If so, what is the minimum true count at which one can beat the house edge with this side bet?
I have not studied the effect of card counting of that bet for myself.
However, Arnold Snyder has, and his results can be found in his.
There he says you should make the bet in a six-deck game if it is the last two decks, and the count is +10 or greater, using the Red Sevens count.
In a double-deck game he says to bet in the last deck, and a count of +6 or greater.
I count cards 14 count.
I prefer to play alone at third base, and avoid really bad players.
The continuous shuffle machines are impossible to play and count.
Is there a current list of Las Vegas casinos using these machines?
They slow down the game, and if they smoke, they pose a health hazard.
Just about all Vegas casinos have some mixture of continuous shufflers, automatic shufflers, and hand-shuffled games.
For details on blackjack rules, including type of shuffle and penetration, there is no substitute for the https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/mackie-onyx-blackjack-reviews.html, for which a paid membership is required.
What happens if you are caught counting card on a cruise ship?
Will they evict you at the next harbor, or.
They make you walk the plank.
The same way they usually do in land-based casinos.
Other cruise ships probably do the same thing.
I have been in the casino business for 27 years and have worked positions from dealer to casino manager.
Having been a manager, I know that even the best card counter does not win every time.
I believe it is not possible to win that many trips in a row and not be cheating somehow.
I have only dealt to him personally one time, and I was unable to detect anything out of the ordinary.
Do you think it is possible to win so many times in a row without cheating?
Let's ignore the house edge for the sake of simplicity.
So, this could easily be just good luck.
This brings to mind a very good book I just read, Casino-ology, by Bill Zender.
The main thrust of the book is that casino management is much too paranoid about advantage play.
The overreaction to it is slowing down play and annoying legitimate customers, the cost of which is much more than what is saved by catching a few extra advantage players.
While playing your free blackjack game on this site, I noticed that when the count got to, i.
Is this just a fluke, or is there some advantage to the player when the count is a high negative number?
The game shuffles after every hand, so the count is always zero at the start of the hand.
However, when there is a cut card, a negative count tends to be very slightly correlated to positive results since see more start of the shoe.
That is because the negative count means that more good cards than bad have already been played, which would have been good for the player.
Long answer, If the numbers of 7s, 8s, and 9s are all twice what they should be, then the player should double 12 against a 6.
However, how often does that happen?
Even if it did, the best of card counting strategies would not identify the situation.
For confirmation, I asked Don Schlesinger, author ofwho said, "We kicked that around on the sites, and, with normal count systems, the answer was never.
I agree, that does seem like a good advantage play.
The rules say the penetration is 75%.
Twice I counted the number of cards seen per shoe, and I got 211 both times, which is 68%.
Shortow, a member of my forum, placed two videos of the cut card placement on YouTube:.
It looks to me like the penetration was a little deeper in video 2.
I would say it ranges from 60% to 70%, depending on the dealer.
Not only could the player easily count this game, but he could use a calculator on a separate screen to make perfect decisions.
The Blackjack Real Time Analzyer is one product that does this.
However, I have no idea what kind of game protection they employ.
With every card scanned, it would not be difficult to determine the correlation between count and bet size and raise a red flag if the correlation was sufficiently positive.
If you give it a try, I'd be interested to know what happens.
This question was raised and discussed in the forum of my companion site.
What is the effect of removing a single particular card 2 to ace from a six-deck shoe in blackjack?
The following table shows the effect on the player's expected return by removing one card from a six-deck shoe, according to whether the dealer hits or stands on a soft 17.
For example, if the dealer stands on soft 17, and the burn card is a five, then the house edge drops by 0.
Card Stand Soft 17 Hit Soft 17 2 0.
The table was created using the at bjstrat.
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Counting cards changes your play style in certain ways.
Even with different counting systems, counting always points in the same direction.
If someone is betting high when the count is high and lowering the bet when it drops, then perhaps he or she is counting.
If the person is sitting out when you are sitting out, then the person might be a counter as well.
To a counter there are some very clear signs that people are counting.
If you are not counting cards, there are still many ways to check if someone is counting.
If someone bets on average much more towards the end of the shoe than in the beginning, then this is a positive sign that someone is counting but in no way conclusive.
A high true count indicates a higher player win rate.
Another way caught counting cards blackjack book detect gear blackjack counter by looking at their bet size is seeing bet increases when a number of lower value cards come out and are played.
Again, this is in no way conclusive but it is also a positive sign someone is counting.
There are some game plays that are red flags.
Taking insurance caught counting cards blackjack book blackjack when they have a high bet is also a possible sign of card counting.
Basic strategy says never to take insurance.
Most people that do take insurance do it when their hand is good but really insurance means do you think the dealer has blackjack and should never rely on your own hand.
Insurance is the single most important play that is outside normal plays that card counters will use.
This is why counters still take insurance even if it gives off a possible red flag.
All casino personnel are trained somewhat to recognize suspicious plays.
They are on the lookout for people that bet more at the end of the shoe, and then go back to the minimum bet at the beginning of the shoe.
They also look out for people that play 2 hands sometimes or play big bets only sometimes.
They watch people that bet high sometimes whether they are winning or not.
Surrendering 15 sometimes vs a 10 is a sign of card counting basic strategy says to do it always.
Making a play like standing 16 vs 10 sometimes is also one.
The key is consistency.
Standing 12v2 at a higher bet but source at lower bets is another example of a basic strategy variation.
Hitting 12v4 around half the time is another example.
Playing good perfect strategy includes surrendering properly, and playing a few trickier hands correctly like doubling correct soft hands.
Just by paying attention to those, I have noticed a number of caught counting cards blackjack book at casinos.
They raise bets when I raise, and then lower bets when I lower them.
One guy I am certain was a counter asked the dealer who was going to switch out to play 1 more hand when the dealers switch out of some pitchthey drop the shoe — and then reshuffle.
The guy proceeded to spread caught counting cards blackjack book bet to 2 hands and the running count was about 10 in a double caught counting cards blackjack book with maybe a little over a deck left to play which is a large advantage for the player.
A common misconception is that a card counter always wins.
The advantage gained from counting is around 1-2%.
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The students realized that blackjack was the only beatable game in casino. The team used a method known as card-counting, which helps players. They wrote computer programs to devise the best strategy for specific ...

MIT Blackjack Team - Wikipedia
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A dealer works the blackjack table at the Seminole Casino Coconut Creek in 2010. Down the House, and the book that became The Social Network:. To catch card-counting teams, they usually hire undercover private eyes ...

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Memorize basic strategy from one of those silly plastic cards available in most. Starting small and placing progressively larger bets is a clear card-counting tell.. Advice from poker pro Alex Fitzgerald of pocketfives.com and ...

Card Counting Gig Nets Students Millions - The Tech
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Card Counting Gig Nets Students Millions - The Tech
How to beat the casino — caught counting cards blackjack book Blackjack board.
And while it is true thatthere are a number of ways to cheat the system — some of which are actually perfectly legal.
Ever since, casinos have been trying to eradicate card counting while card counters are getting increasingly skilled at not getting caught.
So is it possible click to see more outplay casinos today?
And what will it be like in the future?
Wikipedia Commons Casinos are businesses and operate by building in a margin — often referred to as the house edge.
If you play roulette and bet on a single number you will be paid at odds of 35-1 when the true odds are 36-1 in Europe and 37-1 in the US.
The fact that caught counting cards blackjack book are receiving less than the true odds is the house edge and explains why casinos make money in the long term.
Of course, some people have to win, otherwise casinos would cease to exist.
Card counting, however, is legal.
Many hands are played from the same deck of cards, so what happens in one hand will influence what happens in future hands.
As an example, if a ten has been played from the pack then it cannot appear in the next hand.
This is different from other games, such as roulette, where the outcome of one spin has no effect on the next spin.
This is because a player can decide not to draw a new card to a hand such as 16, but the casino is forced to, as it follows strict rules.
If there are a high proportion of high cards left in the unplayed deck of cards, the dealer has more chance of busting going over 21.
This can be combined with — developed from computer simulations of millions of blackjack hands — which tells the player caught counting cards blackjack book best action to take for each possible card combination.
Combining card counting and basic strategy can help a player convert the long term house edge from 2.
Of course, once you have this advantage you can increase your bet.
To give a simple example, if you were playing basic strategy and were dealt a ten and a here, and the dealer had a three showing one of the dealers cards is visible to the playeryou would stand not take another card as you hope that the dealer would draw a ten and bust.
If you were card counting, and you knew that more low cards had been played, you might decide to increase your stake at this point.
Evolving battle Casinos have introduced a number of measures to deter card counting.
These include spotting those doing it and simply banning them from playing, or even from entering the casino.
Another approach link to increase the number of decks from one to typically six, caught counting cards blackjack book even eight.
Some casinos also shuffle the cards just click for source only about 75% have been played or shuffle them article source using automatic shufflers.
Well, it remains a popular game, and one that is still profitable.
There are also many would-be card counters who are not actually that good at it, and they provide income to the casinos.
Many blackjack players have fought back against such measures, arguing that casinos should allow gamblers to use skill when playing the game.
As a card counter operating on their own is relatively easy to spot intense concentration, increasing bets and so ona team of students from MIT showed it could successfully be done.
The idea is that somebody else counts the cards — they may not even be sitting at the table.
When the count reaches an agreed value, they signal to another player, who joins the table to start betting.
This is a lot more difficult to detect but casinos may stop players joining the game until after a shuffle to combat such a strategy.
Other players have used shuffle tracking, where blocks of cards are tracked so that you have some idea when they will appear.
If you are given the option to cut the pack, you try and cut the pack near where you think the block of cards you are tracking is so that you can bet accordingly.
A variant on this is to track aces as, if you know when one is likely to appear, you have a distinct advantage over the casino.
Some of has investigated how artificial neural networks simple models of the human brain could help evolve blackjack strategies.
This was done by playing thousands of blackjack hands and the computer learning what to do in any given situation, getting better each time.
There is a lot of scope to see if automated computer programs could learn even more sophisticated strategies.
Graham Kendall does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

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But in the 1990s the MIT Blackjack Team proved the punter didn't have. Kaplan had read a book about card counting and believed he could use a. addresses of many of those caught that this was a student team from MIT.

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