💰 11 Casino Dice Security Measures to Keep Players From Cheating

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In May, Mr. Skaff was caught cheating at one of The Greenbrier's. on 103,000 square-foots with 37 tables for blackjack, roulette, poker, ...

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The tenth page goes over game security, cheating, situations, situations you'll. Keep your body square to the table and spread your feet in a wide stance.. Dealers look for certain things to catch card counters; like not following the book or ...

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Las Vegas casinos are incubators of the here most advanced surveillance tech.
Here's how the spy gear that helps Sin City has taught everyone from government to big banks how to snoop more effectively.
It is 2 AM inside the bunker-like surveillance room at the Mirage Resort in Las Vegas, but 28 wall monitors show there's still plenty of action down on the floor.
A surveillance worker we'll call Tom logs in and starts the graveyard shift, taking an overhead tour of the 100,000-square-foot casino.
Using a joystick, keypad and three desktop screens, he surveys video from some of the 1000 ceiling cameras.
Tom is a table-games specialist, so he starts by scrutinizing a few poker hands, then sweeps over medium-stakes blackjack and watches a busy craps table.
He focuses on a young Asian man in a white suit who keeps his hands curiously positioned.
Sometimes they cover the cards in front of him; at other times they rest on the side of the table.
Suddenly, the man sweeps one hand up along a lapel of his jacket.
Like many gamblers in Las Vegas, the man presented a players card, the equivalent of a customer-loyalty card, to the dealer before buying into the game.
Through these cards, the casino monitors the play of guests and dispenses complimentary goodies accordingly risk enough money, and you may wind up in a villa with a butler.
The card enables Tom to retrieve a profile of the player: his name, date of birth, address, amounts won and lost on previous visits and other data.
Tom checks the player's long-term success rate at baccarat: He's a stone-cold loser.
Common sense suggests that his poor record should exonerate him.
Playing a hunch, Tom uses an internal search engine to correlate every player and dealer that the suspect has gambled with at the Mirage.
One name repeats—a big winner, also Asian.
On this trip alone, he's ahead hundreds of thousands of dollars, and he happens to be playing right now, at the same table as Mr.
Less than an hour later, Tom makes the call.
He is caught cheating at blackjack squared that the fellow in the white suit is not rubbing his lapel but dipping his finger inside his jacket.
He is swapping cards in and out of the game, a tactic known as hand mucking.
Capitalizing on baccarat's simple rules, which allow gamblers to take the side of player or banker, Mr.
White Suit loses minimal wagers while his confederate wins large ones from the casino.
When the winning conspirator attempts to cash out his chips, guards detain him.
Other guards hustle the mucker from the table.
The cheater tries to break free, then drops to his knees and eats the card that he had slipped inside his jacket.
He may have swallowed the evidence, but the casino's digital ceiling cameras have captured all of his illicit actions.
Soon after this incident, the Mirage outfitted its baccarat tables with a system known as Angel Eye.
A scanner hidden in the shoe—the plastic case out of which cards are dealt for multideck games—reads invisible bar-code strips on the caught cheating at blackjack squared />If a player swaps in a card, the dealer knows.
Fixed-field-of-view units focus on tables, motorized pan-tilt-zoom cameras survey the floor, and 360-degree cams take in an entire area.
Enter a major Las Vegas casino, and you might as well be walking into a complex computer built to study your relationship with money, caught cheating at blackjack squared motivation for gambling, even your taste in food.
Cameras capture your every move, software calibrates your play, and regressive-analytic applications like those used on Wall Street to predict a stock's future estimate your long-term worth to the casino.
Given the wild bets taken recently by investment banks, the overlap of gambling and financial technology may not be surprising.
But the innovations pioneered for Las Vegas surveillance rooms have significance and applications that reach a lot farther than a trading floor.
According to Dave Shepherd, former executive director of security at the Venetian Resort Hotel Casino, Las Vegas is an ideal proving ground for innovations that eventually end up in airports, shopping malls and government agencies.
People casino lv blackjack other industries see how they work, and those people come up with fresh applications for the technology.
It's all in a highly controlled environment where customers eagerly volunteer personal data for a chance at comps.
As a result, casinos maintain a treasure trove of information on customer behavior that most marketers would die for.
Players cards and gambling in general are opt-in propositions.
The casino industry is highly regulated, and the watchful tech is not only legal but, in many cases, mandated.
Still, the opaqueness of the programs is a cause of concern for some privacy advocates.
The software that measures your gambling skill at the blackjack table today could be gathering data for your performance review at work tomorrow.
Paying close attention to customers is as much a security concern as it is a marketing opportunity for casinos.
From the moment you place your first bet with your players card, the casino starts paying attention.
The most direct interface with the system is a modern slot machine.
These days most slots are run by computers, and until recently, all of these computers have been self-contained machines.
To make adjustments on standard slots, attendants have to stop play, open the housing and swap out chips, a time-consuming process that reduces profits for the casino.
That means Aria's one-armed bandits will run off a single computer, allowing supervisors to alter machines simply by pushing backroom buttons that can change games, odds and limits to suit the player or the situation.
If a player is in town for the National Finals Rodeo, the slot machine could load up a game with a rodeo theme, and link the player when certain comps kick in or provide the showtimes of events he might be interested in.
It'll even wish him happy birthday.
All the personal attention may seem flattering so long as the casino values your caught cheating at blackjack squared />But what about those people who are viewed as undesirable?
At the Venetian Resort Hotel Casino, special software allows security workers to enter a suspected bad guy's characteristics a mustache, say, along with a forearm tattoo and a habit of lurking around roulette tables.
If there is a visual match from the casino's database, it pops up on the screen, along with identification data.
New algorithms have elevated this type of on-the-spot background check to a Vegas art form.
Non-obvious relationship awareness NORA software allows casinos to determine quickly if a potentially colluding player and dealer have ever shared a phone number or a room at the casino hotel, or lived at the same address.
The technology proved so effective that Homeland Security adapted it to sniff out connections between suspected terrorists.
According to EPIC's Rotenberg, any industry that collects so much data on its customers is at risk for a computer security breach.
With all the data collection and camera monitoring going on in casinos, a sense of gambler's paranoia is understandable.
But it's worth remembering that the same technology that protects the house could end up protecting you.
Casinos are tempting places for pickpockets; customers stroll the floors with cocktails in their hands and thousands of dollars in their pockets.
Some of the sexiest-sounding software—facial-recognition systems that promise to set off alarms as soon as a known criminal enters the property—is still too primitive to be useful.
However, more reliable analytic software is employed in casinos such as the Mirage to monitor video feeds for suspicious activity—someone hiding in a stairwell, for example, or a purse left unattended too long.
Inside an RFID chip: This casino chip from manufacturer Gaming Partners International has an internal transceiver that can communicate with sensors in a table to spot counterfeit chips and learn more here how much money is being won or lost, in real time.
According to veteran security director Caught cheating at blackjack squared Rothstein, casinos can also use RFID to prevent employee fraud by positioning sensors near the employee exits.
The system, called TableEye21, was created by Canadian computer engineer Prem Gururajan to profile and rate players according to skill.
TableEye21 uses overhead video cameras and video analysis software, and can track information from casino chips embedded with radio frequency RFID transmitters.
The system quickly identifies "advantage" players who can cost casinos profits.
These gamblers use legal strategies such as card counting and shuffle tracking, in which the player watches for clumps of favorable cards.
Gururajan says TableEye21 will be coming online soon at a Vegas casino, and surveillance specialists are enthusiastic about the product.
A few years ago a product called MindPlay hit the market.
Fourteen tiny cameras photographed cards as they came out of the blackjack shoe.
The system's software executed a quick bit of analysis and notified dealers, in real time, whether shoes were cold or hot—that is, when the remaining cards favored players.
Inside his plushly carpeted surveillance lair at the rococo Venetian, Dan Eitnier inspects the flat-screen monitors on the walls.
He acknowledges that technology runs both ways in the gaming business: The operators aren't the only ones who capitalize on cheaper bytes and easy access to data.
Eitnier admits that all casino games are vulnerable.
Enhancements in technology have simply added another layer to the endless cat-and-mouse game played by those who are paid to protect casinos and the renegades who get rich by out-thinking the protectors.
Cheaters buy and dissect slot machines, angle-shooters analyze automatic shufflers in search of patterns, and card counters continue to stymie facial recognition.

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Card counting is simply using your brain, like a winning chess player.
Fortunately, using your brain is still perfectly legal in the US!
There are a couple reasons why people think card counting is illegal.
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Variations: 1:6, 1:12, etc.
Variations: 1D, 2D, etc 86'd An abbreviation for kicked out of a casino with the threat of being arrested if you return A A Short for an Ace.
An ace adjustment is commonly used to vary strategy and bets based upon both the main count and the number of aces counted.
Ace Neutral Count Any counting system which does not assign a value to aces.
Ace Poor A point where less aces than normal expectation would dictate have been dealt.
The deck, pack or shoe is then considered to be ace poor.
Ace Reckoned Count Any counting system which includes aces as a part of the main count.
For example, hi-lo is an ace reckoned count, but Spongebob blackjack I is not.
Ace Rich Whenever there are more aces in the deck, pack or shoe than normal expectation would dictate.
Ace Side Count An additional count of the Aces that have been played.
Act Your act is the persona you portray in a casino, what you do to make the people watching you think you are a gambler and a loser.
It is a balanced count which assigns the values of plus one to 2s, 3s and 7s, plus two to 4s,5s and 6s, minus one to 9s and minus two to ten valued cards.
Advantage Player's or more rarely the casino's expected rate of win or loss, usually given as a percentage of total money put into action.
A player may be said to have a 1% advantage in a certain game.
This means that the player can expect to have a 1% return on all of the money bet in that game.
Advantage Player A player that is genenerally considered a professional as he is not likely to play games that he does not have the advantage.
Concept extend beyond blackjack and include a wide range of games.
If you are new to Blackjack you may want to avoid this position.
Other players will sometimes blame the anchorman for giving the dealer an advantage by not hitting or standing in the same way they would.
If you're card counting, scoblete blackjack is the best place to sit.
AO Ii An abbreviation for the Advanced Omega II System APC The acronym for Advanced Point Count, a counting system associated with Ken Uston.
Apron Small half-circle of heavy cloth imprinted with the casino name and logo, worn around the waist.
The function https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/online-casino-blackjack-macau.html to cover the pockets so no chips can be stolen and to protect the dealers clothes from wearing out as they rub against the table.
AS The acronym for Arnold Snyder, author and publisher.
Audition A "try out" at a gaming table in a casino where a dealer must exhibit his or her dealing skill and sophistication to the management before being hired.
B Back Counting Counting cards while standing behind the players at a table and not playing.
This technique is particularly useful with multiple-deck shoes.
Back Off To ask a player to not play Blackjack.
This occurs when casino personnel, usually a manager or a pit boss asks a blackjack player to no longer play the game of blackjack in that casino.
It can also refer to less harsh https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/slotforum-scratch.html counter measures, such as restricting a player to flat betting or a very small bet spread, such as a 1-2 spread.
Bak An abbreviation for Back At the Keyboard, used during chat.
Balanced Count Any counting system which has an exact balance between plus cards and minus cards.
A card counting system is balanced when the sum of the card point values for the whole deck is equal to 0.
An unbalanced count is when the sum of the point values is anything other than 0.
Balanced counts include Hi-Low, Halves, Zen etc.
Unbalanced counts include Red 7, K-O and Uston's Unbalanced Zen count.
It can also refer to a single player's bankroll.
Bankroll The amount of money a player sets aside for gambling purposes.
It can be expressed as the player's overall bankroll for the total amount of play or a session bankroll, which is the amount of money a player is prepared to bet in any individual gaming session.
Another expression of bankroll often used is a player's trip bankroll, which is the amount of money a player is willing to wager during a single trip to a casino or to a gambling venue.
Some people are "barred" from the whole casino.
Does not necessarily imply cheating or illegal activity.
Not legal in Atlantic City.
Barber Pole A bet consisting of varying colors of chips.
Barge An abbreviation for Big August Rec.
Gambling Excursion in Las Vegas.
Basic Strategy A playing system defining the optimum play for any given situation.
A set of rules that enables one to obtain the best possible advantage for a neutral deck situation using a given set of rules.
Also called the "Zero-memory strategy" or just "Basic".
Playing perfect basic strategy gives the casino between 0.
If the rules or number of decks are changed, the basic strategy is also likely to change.
Basic strategy is not based upon the count, but rather upon the total of the player's hand and the dealer's up card.
BCA The acronym for a software program called Blackjack Count Analyzer Be The acronym for Betting Efficiency.
Beef An argument with a customer or a boss, a complaint.
Bet Sizing A system of varying one's bets according to the advantage that he has in a given situation.
Bet Spread A reference to the amount of a player's minimum bet and maximum bet while playing blackjack.
A 1-4 spread would mean the player's maximum bet is four times the size of the player's minimum bet.
If a player spreads to two hands, the bet spread may be described as 1 - 2X4, which would mean one hand at one unit to two hands of four units each.
It is usually expressed as a decimal, such as 0.
This would mean that a count with a 0.
In other words, how well a card counting system can exploit the favor ability in the deck when using a fixed playing strategy.
Betting efficiency is typically measured on a scale between 0.
Betting Handle The total amount of money that a player bets during a session or more extended period of time Betting Limits Establishes the minimum and maximum amounts that can be wagered on one bet.
If a player sizes his bets between one and ten units, then his betting spread is one to 10.
Betting True Count The value of the true count, adjusted to reflect the number of aces, rich or poor.
Bettor A customer who places wagers at any of the casino gaming tables.
A counter at a table keeps track of the count and secretly signals the big player when the count is high enough for the big player to enter the game and make a large bet or series of bets.
The Big Player is signaled to come to a table by a sub-ordinate member of the team who has been placing minimum bets and counting down the deck.
When the count is very positive, the Big Player or "BP" will come to the table and place maximum bets until the deck returns to a neutral of negative condition.
Big Six The large, vertical wheel of fortune type apparatus normally set near the main entrance of a casino.
Biometrica Casino Information Database Module The Casino Information Database CID module gives you access to an extensive database of active professional advantage players, slot and table game cheats along with known associatesState exclusion lists, gaming scams and cheating devices.
The CID database is instantly searchable by a variety of criteria increasing the efficiency of identifying casino undesirables.
Biometrica actively collects information from multiple sources and provides daily database updates via the Internet to quickly distribute the most recently collected information and intelligence.
BJF An abbreviation for Black Jack Forum, Arnold Snyder's newsletter.
BJFB An abbreviation for Bryce Carlson's book entitled Black Jack For Blood.
It consists of white shirt or blouse, black trousers or pants, and link shoes.
Blackjack Table The Blackjack table typically has between 5 and 7 playing places.
The position to the leftmost side of the table closest to the Dealer typically is referred to as the First Baseman.
Blow it To lose a bet for the dealers.
One reason some casino's do not allow the dealer to look under a 10-value card for a Blackjack is that the dealer may inadvertently give information about the value of the hole card to an astute player i.
Payoffs for bonuses are very high - but mostly do not affect significantly, if at all, the house advantage.
Book the Action To accept a bet for play.
Borderline Hand One which the correct decision is very marginal in value.
Box the Cards Part of the shuffling procedure where portions of 5-12 cards are taken off the top of the deck and set down on the table in order to rearrange the deck.
Also "box shuffle" and "strip the cards.
It is usually treated link if it were non-existent in the sequence as the cards come out of the deck.
BP The acronym for a Big Player in a team effort.
Practicing the procedure over and over until it ingrained in your mind will prevent this condition.
Also called "Bust" or "Go over".
Usually a period of 20-30 minutes during which a dealer may eat, smoke, use the restroom, etc.
Break Down the Bet To separate a stack of chips into individual piles by color.
Break Down the Deck To shuffle the cards.
Break it Down To place chips into countable piles or to separate them into colors.
Breaking Hand A hand that will go over 21 with a one-card draw, such as 12, 13, 14, 15, or 16.
Also called a "stiff hand.
BS The acronym for Basic Strategy.
BTD The acronym for Beat The Dealer by Ed Thorp.
Btw The acronym for By The Way.
Bump into To push a larger stack of chips into a smaller stack of chips and take the excess off so that the stacks are equal.
The proper way to pay a Blackjack is to break down the bet into two stacks and bump into it three times.
Also "Cut into" or "Size into".
Burn The dealer's act of removing the first or more cards after the shuffle and placing the card s in the discard pile or at the bottom of the deck.
Burn Joint Slang for casino with nearly unbeatable rules.
This card is discarded "burned".
The card may or may not be shown face up which can affect the count if you are counting cards.
It is procedure to burn a card when you are relieved to go on break.
In hand-held games it is never shown.
In multi-deck games it may be shown on request at some casinos.
Bust Card The bust cards are 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 and usually refer to the dealer's up card.
If the dealer has to take a hit on hard totals of 12-16 there is a chance he'll go bust.
Of course the odds get progressively better from the 2 to the 6 since there are progressively more cards that will bust him.
Bust-Out Dealer A dealer who cheats for the casino.
Bust-Out Joint A casino that cheats to survive.
You cannot go bust on the initial deal.
If you go bust you always loose, even if the dealer ends up busted as well.
When the dealer busts, all players who have a valid playing hand hand total not exceeding 21 automatically win.
Also "Go over" or "break.
Button Marker Agree blackjack weapon history much A laminated plastic disk with a white number painted on it used to keep track of markers.
Buy-in To exchange cash money for chips.
Buzz To hustle or ask for a bet for the dealer.
C Call Bet A bet made without money or chips.
Must be approved by a floor person or pit boss.
Usually allowed only for customers with casino credit already approved, or with money on deposit in the casino cage.
This procedure is highly irregular and may be illegal in some states.
Call for Insurance To announce that the dealer has an Ace showing and pause to allow the players make an insurance bet, then the dealer will check the hole card and if it is a 10-value card the and is over and the bets and side bets are settled, if it is not, the side bets are collected and the play of the hand continues.
Camouflage An action which is intended to hide the fact that a player is counting cards.
Easy to detect with video surveillance.
Card Counter A person who card counts by assigning numerical values to the cards see Card Counting Card Counting A method of keeping track of the cards by assigning a value to certain cards in the deck to determine if the remaining cards in a deck or shoe favor the player or the dealer.
For example, the hi-lo counting system assigns a value of plus one to cards 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 and minus one to tens, jacks,queens, kings and aces.
Hi-lo is the most widely used system.
There are many system as indicated in the chart: Card Down An announcement to the floor person that a card has gone off the table.
A dealer never reaches down to pick up a card, as that would expose their tray to stealing.
Card Eating Using up cards quickly.
A player may spread to more than one hand to accomplish this.
For example, if the count is low, a player may spread to two or three hands at a minimum bet to hasten the shuffle.
Carpet Joint A colloquialism for an upscale casino, derived from the days when many casinos did not have carpet.
If a casino had carpeted floors, it was considered to be an indication that it was a fancier place than the usual.
Carpet Store A higher class casino than a "sawdust joint", because it has see more on the floor.
Case Bet A bet with the player.
Case Card The last card of a denomination left in the deck.
Usually used as a poker term.
Cashier A person who works in the cage who handles monetary transactions with players.
It is similar to what a bank teller would do in a bank.
Casing the Layout Taking a brief look at the bets on the table prior to starting to deal the cards.
Take particular note of the bets on first and third base because they are the most likely to be pinched or capped.
If a player has been betting every hand and is still present at the table but doesn't have a bet in his circle, it is a dealer courtesy to bring his attention back to the table and confirm whether he desires to bet or not.
Casino A building in which legalized gambling is the main source of income to the management.
There are many euphemisms for casino such as: "house," "store," "shop," etc.
Casino Host Caught cheating at blackjack squared casino employee who is responsible for dealing with casino patrons and answering queries about casino comps and other amenities.
For example, if a rated player professional were to call a casino to make hotel reservations, he would ask to speak to a casino host in order to get a casino rate or a room comp.
Casino Manager The person who manages all phases of the casino operations.
To catch "heat" is to get reprimanded by a superior for an infraction of casino policy.
To catch a card is to get a hit card that is either good or bad.
The acronym for Card Counting.
The acronym for Circus Circus, a casino.
Does NOT include card counting or capitalizing on house errors.
Check Money Down An expression used by a dealer to inform this web page floor person that a chip has fallen on the floor, a situation, which requires his immediate attention.
Checks Round, flat objects used by casinos sorry, blackjack free slots happens represent money.
Several reasons casino's insist on using chips are: 1.
Checks Play A term often used by dealers to notify the pit boss that a player has made a significantly large bet.
The amount of a bet that will trigger such a response varies wildly from casino to casino.
Chip Runner A person who carries chips from the cage to the table.
Chips These are tokens that the Casino uses, in place of cash, to represent a certain monetary value for making bets.
You buy chips at the table.
You cash chips in at the Cashier's Cage.
Players exchange cash for chips at the tables and then cash-in their chips at the cashier's cage.
Chunking When the dealer wins the bets of several or all of the players and collects the bets by just stacking them together in one hand, rather than collecting each bet separately, before returning the chips to the tray.
Circle The place on the layout where the player must place blackjack mobile online or bet for it to be valid.
Also, "betting circle" or "square.
Clerk Slang term used for a dealer.
Like a clerk in a store.
Usually a competent and efficient dealer.
Opposite of a '"Lumpy dealer.
Cards of the same value, massed together in the shoe 2.
Card Clumpers look at what cards have come out of the current shoe and, based on this information, predict read guess the denomination of the next card s to be dealt from the current shoe.
Clumping is not a way to get an edge over the casino.
Clumping is not the same as shuffle tracking.
Cm The acronym for Chinese Mafia, an expression used by Atlantic City locals to describe slot fleas.
Cocktail Waitress Casino employees who distribute free mind-altering beverages to blackjack players.
Cold Term used caught cheating at blackjack squared describe a losing cycle of hands.
Cold Twenty Turkey Two 10-value cards as a starting hand.
Color for Color The proper pay-out procedure for a dealer to pay a stack of multi-colored chips.
It is faster, has less chance of a mistake, and is easier to verify by the floor person or eye-in-the-sky.
Color Up To exchange many smaller denomination chips for a few large denomination chips.
This is done as a player is preparing to leave and he may have too many chips to handle easily.
Comdex A huge computer convention that uses up all the hotel rooms in Las Vegas, sending room rates sky-high.
Avoid Las Vegas during Comdex.
Comp "Comps" refers to complimentary services and goods that are offered by the casino, a complimentary gift given by a casino to encourage and reward play.
Comps can range from the most common, free drinks while playing, to meals, rooms, trips to resort locations and tickets to the Super Bowl.
Complimentary "On the House".
Composition Dependent Strategy Similar to basic strategy, but the proper play is based upon the exact cards dealt to the player rather than just the total of the player's hand.
It is most commonly used for single deck games.
One example of a composition dependent strategy would be doubling down on a player's hand of 5,3 or 4,4 versus a dealer's 5 or 6 in a schecter diamond series blackjack sls deck game but not doubling on a 6,2, even though all three of the player's hands would total 8.
Convert To break down the bet and then pay using higher denomination checks.
Extremely profitable for the cheaters if they can pull it off and a most serious felony for everyone involved.
Cop Palming a chip off the top of a stack of chips to cop a chip.
To put a value on each card other than face value and to keep a running total of that value as an aid in betting and playing the cards.
An inventory of the chips in a dealer's tray usually at the end of the shift or when the drop boxes are changed.
Count Down To put the chips in your tray into regulation size stacks 20 chips is a stack so the floor person can count them without interfering with the play of the game.
Count Down the Deck Systematically remembering what cards have been played so that you know what is left in the deck.
Counter A player who uses a counting system to keep learn more here of the cards played in order to determine whether the deck is favorable or unfavorable to the player.
Counting System First Level: A counting system in which the cards are given point counts of +1, -1, or 0 as they are dealt.
click at this page A counting system which assigns values to the cards which a greater than or less than +1 or -1.
Coupon Promotional material given for free by a casino in order to attract customers.
Coupons entitle the player to certain amenities like free click for 2 or special and favorable rules at games like getting 2-1 payoff in case of a natural.
Coupons om te winnen blackjack tips given to the player in order to entice him to the casino, while comps are given after he plays there.
Couponomy The wise and most advantageous use of coupons, so that the player extracts maximum value from them.
A term coined by Peter Griffin but which came of age through visit web page use by Las Vegas Advisor caught cheating at blackjack squared Anthony Curtis.
Co-Variance In Blackjack it is the effect on Variance when playing multiple spots per round.
Calculated as: Cover The use of various camouflage techniques to disguise the act of counting.
It could include anything from the use of the wrong playing strategy or apparently improper bet sizing to very sophisticated maneuvers designed to fool casino personnel who may be attempting to discover whether or not a player is counting cards.
Used by counters to disguise the fact that they are counters from casino personnel, such as "cover bet" and "cover plays".
Cover Bet A bet made by a "counter" in an attempt to mislead the floor person into believing the player is a novice.
Cover Play To play a https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-pays-6-to-5.html in such a way that you will mislead the floor person into believing you are not a counter when you are, in fact, counting.
Cover the Bet To accept a bet for play.
Cp The acronym for Caesars Palace, a casino.
Credit Line An amount of credit established for a player at a given casino.
A player with a credit line can take a marker for any amount of money up to the amount established in his credit line and use it to purchase chips at the tables.
The player is normally expected to repay the marker before the end of his visit to that casino.
A credit line can be established https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/is-it-illegal-to-count-cards-in-blackjack.html advance of a casino visit in much the same fashion that a loan from a bank would be obtained.
Crimp To put a bend in the cards in order to mark them for the purpose of cheating.
Critter See Pit critter.
Cross Roader Term for a professional card cheat.
Also "cheat", "hustler", "con man" or "scam artist".
Croupier A French word for dealer.
Csm The acronym for Continuous Shuffling Machine.
A machine that mixes used cards back into the pack continuously instead of keeping them aside round after round to be shuffled all at once.
Intended to identify money laundering for illegal activities.
Cts The acronym for Casino Tournament Strategy, book by Stanford Wong.
Cut To divide a deck into two parts after the dealer shuffles the cards.
Generally, this is done by a player.
The dealer then takes the two parts and reverses them, front to back.
In most casinos, the cut is made by inserting a plastic card known as the cut card into the deck or the pack.
Cut Card A solid colored card typically a piece of plastic which is given to a player by the dealer for the purpose of cutting the deck s after a shuffle and then is used by the dealer to mark the last hand to be dealt from the deck by placing it near the end of the deck in the shoe.
When it comes out of the shoe, the dealer announces, "Last hand out of this shoe.
There is also the drop cut method as used mostly in dealing Craps.
Cut into To put a stack of chips next to a smaller stack and take the excess off so that both stacks are equal.
Also "bump into" or "size into".
Cut the Deck After a dealer has shuffled a deck, it must be cut in two by a player and the first card s must be burned before a hand may be dealt to insure the integrity of the game.
The dealer will usually rotate the player to cut from left to right.
Cut Tokes To divide the tokes made by the dealers in an equitable what is 2133 />Cut-Off s Cards The cards behind the cut card in the shoe that are remaining when the dealer starts the shuffle sequence.
When the cut blackjack strategy rules is out, the dealer will deal out of the cutoffs as many cards are necessary to finish the round and then he'll shuffle.
Cv An abbreviation used for a software blackjack program designed by Norm Wattenberger known as Casino Verite.
Cvsim An abbreviation for a refinement of the Casino Verite software program that allows a person to simulate the play of blackjack on a computer at high speed, thus enabling one to obtain the results of millions or even billions of hands of play.
Cw An abbreviation for Cocktail Waitress.
D D'alembert A betting progression.
It is a system where the bettor raises the bet one unit after each loss and lowers the bet one unit after each win.
A series of numbers equidistant from one another is established, such as 1, 2, 3, 4.
The player starts out by betting 1 unit.
If he wins, he continues to bet one unit.
If he loses, he cancels out the 1 and moves to the 2 and adds one unit to the last number, now having a series of 2, 3, 4, 5.
At any point in the series where the player wins his bet, he reduces his bet by one unit.
If he wins enough bets to return to a one unit bet, he starts over.
If he loses during the series,he cancels out the last number he played and adds another number to the series.
This system has many variations.
It has never been proven to win, and in fact, cannot win in any game with a negative expectation.
Da or Da2 Abbreviations for double down on any first two cards.
Das An abbreviation for a rule that allows the player to double after splits.
See double after split.
Daub A paste or fluid used to mark cards for the purpose of cheating.
Day Shift Casino workers on day shift generally start at 10 AM, but may start a couple of hours earlier or later than that.
Days A work shift usually starting between 8:00 a.
An abbreviation commonly used by posters to describe a Double-Deck game.
The acronym for Double Down.
De The acronym for Double Exposure, a variety of blackjack in which both dealer cards are dealt face up and ties lose.
Dead No action or very slow activity.
Deal Around To deliberately not give cards to a player even though he has a bet in place.
Dealer School A tuition-charging training facility which teaches students the theory, standard methods, and rudimentary practice of dealing one or more of the games offered by a typical casino.
Dealing Seconds A method of cheating in which the dealer peeks at the card on the top of the deck and deals the second from the top if the first is beneficial to the player.
The use of the shoe virtually eliminates the possibility of dealing seconds.
The option you are given on your particular turn.
Play decisions include hitting, doubling down, standing, splitting,insuring and surrendering 2.
A ruling by a floor person or supervisor when an error in procedure has occurred at a gaming table Deck 52 playing cards, the same as is used in poker.
Commonly, blackjack players refer to a deck when discussing a single deck game.
If a game uses more than one deck, but is still handheld by the dealer, such as a two deck game, the cards are often referred to as a pack.
Deck Penetration Used to quantify the location of the cut card in a given blackjack game.
Sometimes expressed as a percentage, "This shoe has a 75% penetration.
Also expressed as "The shoe has 1.
Deck Stacking A method of cheating in which cards favorable to the player are clumped at the end of the deck or shoe thus removing them from play.
Def An abbreviation for defenestrate, which means to be thrown out of a window.
If you are accidentally kicked out of chat, you have been defenestrated.
Delivery Method of getting cards to the players.
It is dependent upon the player seeing as many cards as possible, counting them using a counting system and making strategy variations based upon the count.
In order to be successful, this method of play requires a count with a high playing efficiency and a deeply dealt single deck game.
Designated Shuffler The designated shuffler will shuffle the cards on a small area attached to the back of the blackjack table while the dealer deals from the one in use on the table.
A method of speeding up the game of Blackjack by using two sets of cards at a table one in play and one on the side.
Desirability Index A term coined by Don Schlesinger in his book Blackjack Attack.
It is a number derived by dividing the win rate by the standard deviation for the particular game being examined and multiplying the result by 100.
The lowest desirability index number given in Schlesinger's book is -0.
The higher the number, the better the game.
In general terms, a player would look for a desirability index of 6.
Deuce An expression used for a card numbered two 2 Deviation In the context of blackjack card counting, it refers to a True Count number at which the player will deviate from basic strategy.
Also known as "index".
Device "computers" or any other calculating or note taking instrument that can be used by players.
Casinos are using "devices" i.
You cannot use a device to play Blackjack in Nevada by law.
Also in most other places, in the US and abroad.
The definition of "device" has read article been determined exactly through legal precedent.
The acronym for "Desirability Index".
The acronym for Desert Inn, a Las Vegas casino.
It is used to store the discards until they are ready to be re-shuffled.
Red plastic is commonly used so that any marks on the cards will be amplified enough to be noticed by the floor man.
Discards The cards which have already been played since the last shuffle.
They are placed by the dealer in a discard tray on the left side of the table from the player's perspective.
Doa Double Only Any Two Cards Casino rules that allow for doubling on any two playing cards.
Double after Split Das Casino rules that allow doubling down after the players has split any pair.
Double Deck A form of 21 where two decks are shuffled together and dealt out of the hand.
The forms of 21 are: single deck, double deck, and four, six, or eight deck shoe.
Once a player doubles down, the player may receive only one more card.
Usually, but not always, a player may only double down after receiving the first two cards.
Occasionally, a casino may allow players to double down after receiving three or more cards.
Normally, the player places a bet equal to the size of the original bet next to the original bet in the betting square to let the dealer know he wishes to double down.
He does this by placing an amount which may be less than, or equal to but may not exceed the original stake, behind his initial bet.
In some casinos the player may double down after splitting and in some casinos the player may only double on 10 or 11.
The blackjack chart tells you when this is a good idea.
For example, if you have a hard 10 and the dealer's up card is a bust card, let's say a 5,you would want to double down.
You have a good chance of drawing an 8, 9, or 10, which is a hard hand for the dealer to beat.
And there's an equally good chance that the dealer will go bust.
A player may "Double Down" on any two cards except "Blackjack".
If the dealer gets a "Blackjack", only the original bet will lose.
If the player is ti plus blackjack 84 in a game where the cards are held by the players, he places his cards face up in front of the betting square and the dealer places a third card either face-down under the player's bet or face up on the player's existing cards, usually at an angle opposite to the cards already in play.
Double Exposure 21 A blackjack game in which both dealer cards are shown to the player before he plays his go here />Other house rules are usually changed, such as players losing pushes, and blackjacks are paid even money to restore the advantage the house loses by exposing the dealer's hole card.
Double Up To double down with less than 2X the original bet.
Generally, when doubling is allowed, the player does not have to actually double his bet, but may increase it by any amount up to but not more than the original bet.
Doubling for Less Placing an additional bet that is less than one's original wager and receiving only one additional card.
It is bounded by Main Street to the west and Maryland Parkway to the east.
Some of the casinos considered to be downtown would include the Stratosphere, the Golden Nugget, the Horseshoe, the Lady Luck, Main Street Station, and the El Cortez, to name a few.
It is why the smallest denomination chip must be on the top of a bet and the dealer must be able to see all the bets all the time.
The total amount of money and markers cashed in by players.
Term used to describe the total amount of money wagered in a casino.
At table games, a drop box is used to collect the money.
Drop Box A box affixed to a playing table to store the money and markers exchanged at the table for chips.
Drop Cut The technique of holding a stack of chips in one sky vegas blackjack, touching them to the table, then lifting them, leaving a small stack of chips in the desired amount.
Usually used on the Crap table.
Drop the Deck In a single deck game the dealer may reshuffle after any hand is over and may be told by the floorperson to drop the deck for some reason.
Ds Double after split caught cheating at blackjack squared rule 2.
The acronym for Don Schlesinger, author.
Duke A very good hand, a long winning hand at craps.
Dummy Up and Deal A common expression spoken to dealers to remind them to keep their mind on their game and refrain from talking to the customers too much.
Dumping To lose a large amount of the casino's bankroll to a player in a short amount of time.
E Early Surrender Player may give up or surrender after receiving first two cards but before dealer checks for an Ace in the hole.
If surrendered, only 50% of bet is lost, instead of entire sum.
Excellent method for controlling player losses and therefore not allowed in most casinos.
Early Out Being allowed to leave work before the end of the shift.
When the dealer hears an "echo" the floor person is aware of the transaction and has given his approval.
It keeps the dealer from turning around to look for the floor person and exposing the dealer tray unnecessarily.
Edge A term used to describe the percentage of advantage either the casino or the player has on a certain game.
For example, the casino has a 1.
To exclude a person from having any more alcoholicbeverage.
Sometimes to completely expel a customer from the casino.
Em An abbreviation for "E-Mail".
End Play A style of playing Blackjack in which the player takes advantage of his knowledge of the last un-played cards at the end of the deck.
Extremely rare now, it was mostly practiced by self-educated advantage players in the pre-Thorp days, when single deck games were often dealt very deeply, if not completely.
Nearly all casinos try to avoid the possibility of end play by cutting off some of the cards at the end of the deck or the shoe.
EOR The acronym for Effects Of Removal.
Es The acronym for Early Surrender.
European no-Hole-Card Rule A rule used in blackjack where the dealer does not take a hole card.
The dealer hand gets a second card only after all player hands are finished.
If the dealer gets a blackjack, a player who has doubled down or has split loses not only his original bet but all additional bets.
The name of this rule is derived from the fact that many games in Europe and abroad are played with this rule in effect.
It is not the norm in most American and Canadian casinos.
EV The acronym for Expected Value.
In a blackjack session it is the mathmatical result expected.
A bet which returns the same amount in winnings as was wagered by the player if the bet is won.
A phrase which is used by players and the casino when a player decides to take insurance on his blackjack when a dealer has an Ace showing.
If the player takes this option, he is paid even money on his blackjack regardless of whether the dealer has a blackjack or not.
Expectation A reference to what a player or the house can statistically expect to win or lose on a given bet or game.
For example, the house expectation on a pass line bet at craps is 1.
This simply means that the house can expect to win 1.
Since the only outcomes are win one unit or lose one unit, a 1.
If the same bet were described for the player, it may be stated by saying the player on average gets 98.
Expected Value A reference similar to the term expectation.
Often, when using the term expected value, players also include the additional value that may result from comps earned during play.
Expected Win Another term similar to expectation or expected value.
Generally, this term is used to describe what a player or the house may expect to win over a certain period of play.
For example, if a card counter is playing with a 1.
Extra Board A list of dealers hired and processed by the casino, who have not been assigned a permanent work shift.
They are allowed to work as needed until a regular position becomes available.
A colloquial term for the cameras used to watch the gaming areas in any casino.
Reference to the casino employee s viewing the video screens or employee s watching play directly from an unseen vantage point.
Also: "Eye in the sky.
In some casinos almost every hand of Blackjack is recorded on video to detect cheaters as well as counters.
F Fab Four A term coined by Don Schlesinger used to describe the top four surrender plays that vary from basic strategy based upon the hi-lo counting system.
Face Card Click to see more face cards are the Jacks, Queens, and Kings.
They all have a value of 10.
So including the face cards there are sixteen 10-value cards per deck.
Face Down Game Dealing Style.
In face down game, player's first card is up, second card is down.
There is Face up game as well.
Each style has slightly different table etiquette of play.
Face Up Game Dealing Style.
In face up game, both cards are dealt up and cards are not touched by player - presumably to prevent cheating.
Each style has slightly different table etiquette of play.
False Shuffle The shuffling action by a cheating dealer which preserves the original order of the cards or some pre-arranged order of cards that the dealer has set up while shuffling for a certain purpose ie to deal himself a natural, to deal a winning hand to an accomplice etc.
FAQ The acromym for Frequently Asked Questions, and their answers.
Fibonacci Any series of numbers in which the two preceding numbers totaled together equals the next number in the series.
An example would be 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55.
There are a number of betting progressions which utilize a Fibonacci series.
The replenishing of chips by the casino at a table game.
To replenish the money or tokens in a slot machine or other kind of gaming machine.
First Base This is the first player to receive cards when the dealer deals the cards.
This is the player's seat farthest to the right at a blackjack table, from the player's viewpoint.
First Baseman Term used to describe the player sitting closest to the shoe, on the Dealer's left hand side, and receiving the first card dealt.
Five-Card Charlie Any five-card blackjack hand that totals 21 or less.
Flat Betting To wager the same amount of money on each bet made during a playing session or a portion of the playing session.
Flea or Slot Flea This is the casino's expression for someone who flits from machine to machine playing only those with positive expectations.
Floating Advantage The concept whereby, in multi-deck games, the advantage we associate with every level of a True Count TC floats down the TC, the deeper getting into the pack of cards dealt, i.
The FA is of more theoretical than practical importance, because as a pack is depleted, the same True Count garners extra advantage, said advantage becoming especially interesting at those levels where the shuffle is most likely to occur.
Flooring A practice which reduces every "precise" index number to just an integer Floored indices, or indexes.
When Flooring, all the index numbers are taken down "floored" to the nearest smaller integer.
Notice that flooring positive numbers is identical to truncating them.
Of course, an index number which has been calculated to be "precisely" an integer, does not change: +3.
Floorman A casino executive who supervises a portion of a pit, usually under the direction of a pit boss.
Fluctuations This word describes the ups and downs of your bankroll.
Sometimes abbreviated as "flucs".
Foreign Chip A chip from another casino you are playing in.
In Las Vegas many of the larger casinos will cash smaller denomination chips from other casinos as a favor to their customers but they are certainly not obligated to do so.
A dealer who exposes his hole card to a player seated at the table.
A player who intentionally manages to see the dealer's hole card and uses this information for his own play or relays it to a confederate playing at the table.
Front Loading To glimpse the dealer's hole card and use the information for playing your hand.
Fwiw The acronym for For What It's Worth.
G GBC The acronym for Gambler's Book Club, a bookstore in Las Vegas.
GCB The acronym for Gaming Control Board, the Nevada agency that regulates the state's casinos.
George The dealer's name for a good tipper.
GN The acronym for a Las Vegas casino called Golden Nugget.
Gom The acronym for Groaner Of the Month Gorilla 1.
Grand Martingale A betting progression in which the player doubles his bet and adds one unit after each loss until a win occurs.
Graveyard Shift Casino workers on the graveyard shift generally start at 2 AM, but may start a couple of hours earlier or later than that.
Generally the least-experienced dealers work graveyard.
Griffin Peter Griffin, blackjack author.
Griffin Book A series of books kept by Griffin which identifies card counters and suspected card counters.
It may include profiles and photographs.
The book also identifies and profiles other persons unwanted by casinos.
Griffin Investigations An investigator firm hired by many casinos to identify and track cheats.
They also identify and track card counters, as well as perform other investigative tasks for their clients.
To make money in small increments while gambling.
To eke out a profit over the long run.
Grind Joint Usually refers to a low roller casino which caters to small bettors.
GS The acronym for Gold Strike, a casino.
H H17 An abbreviation used to signify that the rules of a particular blackjack game include requiring the dealer to hit a soft seventeen.
The cards held by a player or the dealer to form a complete play.
A reference to a completed round of play.
A completed play at other table games, such as craps.
Hands per hour An estimate of the number of blackjack hands played per hour in various conditions.
Generally estimated as PUT CHART HERE Hard Hand Hands without an ace, or with an ace valued at 1 are said to be hard in that they can only be given one value, as opposed to "soft" hands.
Hard Total The total of any hand not containing Aces or the total of a hand where the Ace is counted as 1.
So a 10 and an 8 is a hard total of 18, or a hard 18.
An Ace and a 7 is a hard total of 8.
HC The acronym for High Card: 10, J, Q, K, or ace.
Heads Up Playing one-on-one against the dealer.
No other players at the table.
Heat The pressure a casino puts on a winning player, typically someone who is suspected of being a card counter.
It can range from very mild forms, such as a pit boss intently watching a player, unnecessary comments to more overt forms, such as a pit boss counting down the cards in the discard tray, particularly after a player has raised his bet, accusations of counting cards, intent scrutiny of your game by the pit bosses or other casino personnel.
Most counters consider heat to be a warning sign that the casino suspects they are counting.
Heavy Board Blackjack table with an excess of 10 value cards showing.
Hi-Lo Count A balanced level one counting system which values the 2 through 6 cards as a plus one and the tens, face cards and aces as a minus one.
It has become the universal language of card counters, in the sense that many of the standard references to the count in games use the Hi-Lo count as a basis, such as the Illustrious 18.
Often, when there is no other frame of reference, if someone refers to a count number, it is assumed that the reference is based on the Hi-Lo count.
The most comprehensive guide to the Hi-Lo count can be found in Stanford Wong's book, Professional Blackjack.
Hi-Opt I A balanced level one counting system included in Humble and Cooper's book, The World's Greatest Blackjack Book.
It assigns the value of plus one to 3's, 4's, 5's and 6's and minus one to ten valued cards.
Hi-Opt II A balanced level two counting system which is sold separately from the Hi-Opt I system.
It remarkable, mohegan sun pocono blackjack rules suggest a value of plus one to 2's, 3's, 5's and 6's, plus two to 4's and 5's, and minus two to ten valued cards.
High Roller A person who makes large wagers in the casino.
What constitutes a high roller in one casino may be very different from one casino to another one.
High-Low Light Card counting system similar to Red Seven, but slightly more powerful.
Recommended for those having mastered Red Seven.
High-Low Pick-Up The way the dealer picks up the players' or his cards from the table, is rigidly set down by each casino.
The request is almost never made verbally.
In a hand-held game, it is https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/online-blackjack-on-facebook.html by scratching the cards against the felt, and in a face-up game, it is made by tapping the felt when it is the player's turn to either refuse or accept another card.
A card requested by the player during play.
Additional cards the dealer must take go here complete a hand.
Hold The amount of money won by the casino, often expressed in terms of the percentage of total wagers made in the casino.
It can also be expressed as a monetary amount.
Hole Card Dealer's first card dealt, always face down.
Always assume it is a ten-value card.
Hole Card Play To play blackjack with the knowledge of the dealer's unexposed hole card.
Hopping the Deck The action of a cheating dealer in single deck blackjack with which he nullifies the player's cut of the cards and returns them to their pre-cut order.
Hot Deck Playing situation with a high count value, very favorable to player.
I Illustrious 18 A term coined by Don Schlesinger to describe the 18 most advantageous deviations from basic strategy, based on the Hi-Lo count.
The 18 plays described equal about 80% of the gain that could be had from playing the full set of indexes in more complex strategy tables.
Imho The acronym for In My Humble Opinion.
Imo Same as IMHO but not humble.
Implied Count An educated guess used to modify play strategy as to the value of unseen cards in other players' hands based on the value of the dealer's card and cards taken or not taken by other players.
For example, if the dealer has a stiff and a player hits a large card one can imply two extra low cards to modify play strategy.
Index Number A term often used by counters to identify the count for specific strategy deviations.
For example, the proper index number for standing on a hard 16 versus a dealer's 10 is 0, using the Hi-Lo count.
Insurance If the dealer's up card is an ace or ten as up cardhe or she will call for insurance.
When you place an insurance wager, you are betting that the dealer has Blackjack.
To make an insurance wager, pace an amount, up to one half your original bet on the insurance line when the dealer calls for insurance.
If the dealer has Blackjack you win your insurance bet, but lose your original bet.
If the dealer does not have Blackjack, you lose your insurance bet and the game continues.
Taking the insurance bet is highly advantageous to the house, unless the player is card counting.
Insurance Correlation Ic "Insurance correlation" indicates how well the point count is able to convey information regarding when one should take insurance.
Insurance Efficiency Ie A system's "Insurance efficiency" is the measure of how much the card counting system can gain if one follows its recommendation to take insurance in comparison to what could be gained by gratis pokerspel taking insurance at the proper time.
IP The acronym for Imperial Palace, a casino.
The acronym for Initial Running Count.
The acronym for Internet Relay Chat.
J Joker Some casinos, as a bonus to the players, have one or more jokers inserted into the deck, to be used by the players as any value card, as an instant 21, etc.
The acronym for John Patrick, author.
The acronym for Jerry Patterson, author.
Junket An organized group of gamblers that travel to a casino together.
Junkets are usually subsidized by a casino to attract players.
K Kelly Betting Betting a proportion of your bankroll equal to the advantage divided by the variance of the possible outcomes.
This style of betting is intended to minimize the risk faced by a bettor and most betting schemes recommended by serious blackjack experts are a modification of this style of betting.
Probability to win or loses is calculated using the Game Advantage calculated in each of the game templates.
These results will show you the Kelly bet by game and with your specified bankroll.
Many players take a conservative approach when using the Kelly bet by only using a percentage of the calculated number.
The Kelly Bet variable specified in the Options above allows the player to specify, for example.
Knock-Out Count An unbalanced level one counting system which counts the 2 through 7 cards as plus one and the tens, face cards and aces as minus one.
It was developed by Olaf Vancurra and Ken Fuchs and is featured in their book, Knock-Out Blackjack.
KO See Knock-Out Count.
KU The acronym for Ken Uston, author of "Million Dollar Blackjack" M Ma An abbreviation for Multiple-Action blackjack.
Your hand is played out once.
The dealer's hand is played out multiple times, starting with the same up card each time.
Standard blackjack strategy applies.
Marker An IOU to the casino signed by a player who has casino credit.
One of the oldest betting progressions in existence.
It requires a player to double the size of his bet after a loss and to continue doubling his bets until a win is achieved, resulting in a profit equal to the size of the original bet.
It is impossible to win in the long run using this system.
As a blackjack system, the martingale system is not very useful.
The whole idea of the system and this seems intuitively simple is, using basic blackjack strategy, to double your bet every time you lose.
If you lose again after that, you double your bet once again, and so on.
The idea behind this is that you'll have to win eventually, and when you do, you'll get all of your money back, plus a little more.
This may sound all fine and good, until you consider the fact that there's a table limit.
And the odds are, you will lose eventually.
The truth is, all systems are destined to lose.
Trying to win with blackjack systems can be compared to trying to get a positive number by adding negative numbers together.
Nope, the only blackjack system that will help you is card counting, and that's why we are here.
Often used as a term for any system which requires increasing a bet after a loss.
It is not a winning method of betting in any form.
The acronym for Michael Dalton, author and publisher.
The acronym for Multiple Deck.
MDBJ The acronym for Ken Uston's book entitled Million Dollar Black Jack.
Someone who can manipulate a deck of playing cards.
Generally by slight of hand.
Slang for dealer who cheats, often by dealing "seconds," that is holding top card in reserve for later use.
Mimic The Dealer To play all blackjack hands as if you were the dealer.
MGM An abbreviation for MGM Grand, a casino.
Money Management A phrase often used by gamblers to describe how they handle their bankroll.
To non counting system player, it may mean establishing a stop-loss or win goal.
To a card counter, it may mean considering things like bankroll, risk of ruin and the use of Kelly betting strategies.
Money Plays Cried by the dealer to alert the pit boss when a player puts down money as a bet without wanting to exchange them for chips.
Also said by the player to the dealer, declaring that he doesn't want the money changed into chips.
Monkey A face card, probably a corruption of "monarchy.
MSS The acronym for Main Street Station, a casino.
Muck To remove small cards from the deck and replace them with ten valued cards and aces.
The word can also be used to describe the opposite, which would be for a casino to remove high cards from the deck.
Multiple Deck A phrase used to describe games, usually blackjack, in which more than one deck of cards is used.
L Labouchere A betting progression, also known as the cancellation system.
A bettor chooses a series of two or more numbers which add up to the profit he intends to make.
He then bets the total of the two outside numbers in the series and cancels those numbers if he wins.
He continues betting the two outside un-cancelled numbers until he has completed the series.
If he loses a bet, he adds the amount of his loss to his series as a single number.
He must therefore cancel out two numbers for each number added.
This system is a good way to lose good money fast.
Las Vegas Small piece of Nevada desert - where gambling is legal - with mystic power to draw throngs of people and invite them into tossing coins into either holes made of metal or felt.
Las Vegas Strip The portion of Las Vegas Boulevard which extends roughly from Sunset Road to Sahara Boulevard.
It includes many of the most well known casinos in Las Vegas, such as the Mirage, Caesar's Palace, the Flamingo Hilton, New York - New York, Circus Circus and the Bellagio, to name a few.
Las Vegas Strip Rules Rules referring to a game of Blackjack with a single deck, dealer standing on all 17's, double allowed on the two first cards dealt and no doubling after splitting permitted.
Late Surrender A blackjack rule which allows the player to forfeit half of his bet after seeing the dealer's up card, unless the dealer has a blackjack, in which case the player loses his entire bet.
Law of Large Numbers Inthe law of large numbers LLN is a that describes the result of performing the same experiment a large number of times.
According to the law, the of https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-knives-model-4.html results obtained from a large number of trials should be close to theand will tend to become closer as more trials are performed.
A reference to the number of values assigned to cards in a card counting system.
A level one system, such as Hi-Lo, assigns one value, plus or minus one, to the cards.
A level two system would assign two values, such as plus and minus one and two.
In multi-deck games: number of deck played.
Light Board Blackjack table with a deficiency of 10 value cards showing.
LL The acronym for Lady Luck, a casino.
LOL The acronym for Laughing Out Loud.
Long Term A general reference for Blackjack made to indicate the time rounds played required for your actual winnings to be blackjack bow tie or achieve your expected winnings.
Professional at Blackjack Science more specifically look at the formula for "N0" see N0 to overcome two standard deviations as a numerical definition of the long term.
Low Roller A small better.
LS The acronym for Late Surrender.
Lt The acronym for Lake Tahoe.
Luck Imaginary substance believed by many players to aid in winning.
Should not be relied upon in place of skill.
LV The acronym for Las Vegas, the city.
LVA The acronym for Las Vegas Advisor, Anthony Curtis's newsletter.
N N0 The number of hands sometimes expressed in hours of playing time theoretically required to be played with a certain set of rules and strategy count, spread etc.
Some thought is achieving N0 for two standard deviations is comparable to the "long term".
Natural When an Ace and a 10 value card are dealt as the first two cards totaling 21 in value.
This hand typically pays 3:2 odds and can also be referred to as a Blackjack.
Never Bust Strategy To never risk hitting a stiff hand 12,13,14,15,16 in Blackjack.
Nbj An abbreviation for New Black Jack, a different system, which black jack players describe as a nonsense system.
No Double after Split Ndas Casino rules that do not allow doubling when the player has split two cards.
No Hole Card This describes any blackjack game in which the dealer does not take a second card until after all player hands are finished.
If a player who has doubled down or split loses only the original bet to a natural by the dealer, the player's strategy and edge are the same as if the dealer took a hole card and checked it.
If the player loses all on doubles and splits against a natural, the game is generally called "European no hole card".
The overhead expenses of a casino or a player.
The best possible hand in a round of poker, given the cards that are dealt.
NYNY The acronym for Ne w York New York, a casino on the las Vegas strip.
O Object of Game In Blackjack, to walk away from the table with more money than you started with, hopefully a lot more.
Accomplished by beating the dealer consistently and not merely getting 21.
Oscar's Grind A conservative win progression described by Allan Wilson on pages 246-248 of The Casino Gambler's Guide.
After a loss, you repeat the bet.
After a win, you bet whatever you need to show a total profit of one unit, subject to increasing your bet no more than one unit.
Like all progressions, Oscar's system does not change the casino's edge.
Otoh The acronym for On The Other Hand.
In the over bet, the player is wagering that his two card total will be less than 13.
In the under bet, the player is please click for source that his total will be more than 13.
In either case, if the total is exactly 13 the player loses.
Aces count as one in considering the card totals.
P P21 A rule whereby you push if the dealer has a natural and you have 21 in three or more cards.
Pack A reference to the total collection of cards in play.
Usually, this is used to refer to more than one deck of cards, with it's most common reference being use to describe a two deck game.
Paint The face cards, i.
Jack, Queen and King.
Pair Two numerically identical cards true pairor two identical face cards ten valued cards.
This is a reference to increasing the size of one's bet by the amount won on a previous bet.
Pat Hand Any hand in blackjack which is a hard 17 or greater and would not require a hit.
PB The acronym for Pit Boss.
PBA The acronym for Professional Blackjack Analyzer, blackjack software by David Smith.
PBJ An abbreviation for the book, Professional BlackJack by Stanford Wong PC 1.
An abbreviation for percentage.
The acronym for Pit Critter.
PE The acronym for Playing Efficiency.
Penetration How deeply into the pack or shoe a dealer goes before shuffling.
In CBJN, penetration is expressed as number of decks left when the shuffle point is reached.
Per Hour The expression "Hourly winnings or losses " in dollars of winnings or losses "per hour" is often encountered.
It is admittedly on the arbitrary side but helps to give a good approximation of an expected win rate or conversely, loss rate in money.
Pg The acronym for Peter Griffin, the author.
Pip The spots on the cards that correspond with the value of the card.
Pit The area in the casino surrounded by table games.
While it is often confined to one specific type of game, it can include any of the table games.
It is the area where casino personnel track the games and the players, among other duties and is where employees such as pit bosses and floor men can be found.
Casino patrons are not allowed access to the pit.
Pit Critter A colloquialism which usually refers to a pit boss or a floor man.
Pitch Game Expression referring to any single deck or double deck game.
Because the cards in these games are usually dealt face down, the dealer doesn't place them down on behalf of the players as he does in shoe games but, rather, throws them, i.
Pivot Point The point in an unbalanced count where the player advantage remains the same no matter how many cards remain to be dealt.
Play All Term for staying in a game through all the negative as well as the positive expectation situations.
The term is mainly used for multi-deck games.
The opposite of Wonging.
Playing Conditions The options that a casino has imposed on the game of blackjack at that casino e.
No double after split, double down on only 10, 11 etc.
Table limits for betting, minimum bet and maximum bet.
A higher playing correlation implies a greater playing accuracy.
Playing Efficiency Pe A description of the accuracy of any card counting system, usually expressed as a percentage or fraction.
The closer to caught cheating at blackjack squared the number is, the more accurate the system is in terms of indicating the proper strategy decision to be made.
Ploppy A term coined by gambling author Frank Scoblete to describe a typical uninformed gambler.
Plug Usually describes the action of placing a portion of the un-played cards in the stack of discards prior to shuffling the cards.
Point Count The net value of the card count at the end of a hand.
Points to Remember When indicating your decision to stand or draw it is advisable to use the standard hand signals, i.
All other decisions should be indicated verbally.
Only the dealer is allowed to handle, remove or change the position of the cards.
Please do not hesitate to ask the dealer if there is anything that you do not understand.
In the event of a dispute, the final decision rests with the Management.
Pontoon A social card game with rules similar to Blackjack but with many important differences.
Played mostly in the UK.
Preferential Shuffle The act of intentionally shuffling the cards early in order to remove any possible advantage which may have been gained by the players.
It is used to discourage counters and to eliminate their playing advantage.
Press To increase one's bet after a winning hand.
Profit Formula Method for calculating expected winnings.
Progression Betting A form of betting which requires one to change the size of his bet based upon the results of the last hand or series of hands.
Progressions can be negative, which usually means a bet is raised after a loss, or positive, which usually means the bet is raised after a win.
No progression has ever been devised which can change the actual expectation in any given game.
Promotion A special marketing device used by casinos to encourage play.
It may take the form of a special rule, such as paying 2:1 for blackjacks or a special offer in conjunction with play, such as offering free show tickets or meals if a player makes a specified bet on certain games.
Proportional Betting See Kelly betting.
Ps The acronym for Preferential Shuffle.
It can mean other denominations, but the chip is always orange and the denomination is always relatively high.
Also, fun item carved at Halloween to look lke your mother in law.
Push "Stand Off" Same as tie.
Player's hand equals dealer's, assuming neither has 21.
In a normal blackjack game, the player's bet is returned to him when a push occurs.
In double exposure games and in many charity games, the player loses on a push with the dealer.
The special place in the table where the dealer keeps the house chips, stacked horizontally in rows.
In some casinos, players can ask for racks to hold their chips.
Rainbow Bet A bet, usually large, comprised of chips of various denominations, randomly arranged in a single pile, mostly in order to camouflage a bet increase.
Rainbow Blackjack Variation of blackjack which identifies each player's position at the table with a color.
Each player has betting spots for each of the other colors, allowing him to bet on other players' hands as well as his own.
This game is not widely offered, seen mainly in southern Mississippi.
When the player secretly sneaks a portion of his chips into purse or pocket in order to hide from the pit crew how much he's winning.
Rated Determination by house that a player's skill level is on the professional level.
A player's rating may be stored by computer and communicated to the pit.
RC The acronym for Running Count.
Red Chippers Usually local players with limited bankrolls playing card counting blackjack odds red chips.
Red Hand is a collaboration of nine Oregon based casinos dedicated to sharing information and assisting industry growth.
Over the years, the goal has been shared with other dedicated leaders from multiple casino jurisdictions creating an information sharing movement that has spanned the globe.
In 2002, Red Hand established a web-based form of high-level communication created to assist all casinos in the sharing of information vital toward successful asset protection.
This amazing networking website and alert system is 100% by surveillance professionals for surveillance professionals.
They continue to grow, with a membership of over 1,100 gaming professionals and industry visionaries with over 160 different gaming and government entities being represented.
Members of Red Hand were tired of paying companies to supply us with information that originated within our own surveillance community.
Members wanted expedited information regarding gaming issues as opposed to regurgitated information received months after the fact.
We wanted crisp pictures and fresh information transmitted between departments rather than faxed alerts that were impossible to comprehend and utilize.
United surveillance communication is a visionary way of combining efforts toward proactive networking and resource utilization in our casinos.
This enhanced form of communication is provided free of charge and will remain a free tool to any casino surveillance operation.
The sole catch is; all participants must be willing to share information.
Shared information provides the avenue toward asset protection networking success.
You can join the efforts of Red Hand by visiting the main page and submitting a request for membership.
The process is simple caught cheating at blackjack squared also necessary as safe information sharing is a priority.
A candidate will be asked to provide a few general pieces of information name, title, casino, phone number, email address.
We also request a secondary point of contact to verify your employment and identity.
As approval is granted we will provide all the site information free of charge and add the new member to our alert system.
It gets it's name from the fact that the player counts only see more red sevens as plus one and assigns a zero value to the black sevens.
The other values assigned include plus one for 2's, 3's, 4's, 5's and 6's and minus one for ten valued cards and aces.
Resplit Splitting pairs after splitting a pair for the first time if another like card is dealt.
Resplit Aces Rsa The unlimited ability to re-split aces.
Many casinos training online game strategy blackjack a limit to the number of times that aces can be split.
Rfb An abbreviation for complimentary Room, Food, and Beverage.
Rgb The acronym for Rec.
Blackjack, a usenet newsgroup.
Rider Bet The bet made by a player the "Rider" behind another player's bet.
Most casinos allow two Riders max.
The total amount of bets placed on the betting circle spot cannot exceed the table maximum.
In most casinos, the player who has the original bet on the spot gets to direct how the hand will be played.
The original bettor also gets to fill up the spot up to the maximum bet at any time, if he so chooses, leaving out anyone else who wishes to place Rider bets.
In some casinos, the player who gets to direct the play of the hand is the player who has placed the largest bet, even if he's a Rider.
If a Rider has the option of making the extra bet on pair splits, there are some variations to basic strategy that can help the rider.
Riffle The act of shuffling the cards by dividing them into two equal stacks and blending them together, accomplished by holding the cards between the thumb and the first two fingers of each hand.
Risk of Ruin Describes the likelihood of losing all of one's bankroll.
Rng The acronym for Random-Number Generator.
The acronym for Risk Of Ruin.
The acronym for Rate Of Return.
Rotfl The acronym for Rolling On The Floor Laughing.
Round A completed hand to all spots being played at a blackjack table.
A player may be playing multiple spots and therefore play multiple hands per round.
Important distinction when calculating EV and Variance.
Rounding A practice which reduces every "precise" index number to just an integer Rounded indices, or indexes.
When Rounding, all the index numbers are rounded to the nearest integer, following the mathematical rules which apply when rounding numbers.
Of course, an index number which has been calculated to be "precisely" an integer, does not change: +3.
RPC The acronym for Revere Point Count.
Rsa An abbreviation for Resplit Aces.
Rule of Six A policy followed by many casinos at single deck.
They require a dealer to deal five rounds to one player, four rounds to two players, three rounds to three players and two rounds to four players.
Some casinos carry this rule to the extreme and only deal one round to five or more players.
Running Count The total number of points a card-counting system assigns to the cards seen from the beginning of the deck or shoe.
The running count is updated by the value of the point count after each hand.
S S17 An abbreviation for the casino rule which requires the dealer to stand on all soft 17s.
Safe Jack A high-tech version of blackjack.
Card values and bet sizes are read by sensors built into the table.
SBA The acronym for Statistical Blackjack Analyzer, blackjack software by Karel Janecek.
The acronym for Single Deck.
The acronym for Standard Deviation.
Seconds Dealing seconds is a cheating move by the dealer.
Through a sleight of hand maneuver, the dealer peeks at the top card on the undealt deck and determines when he will deal the card and to whom.
The rest of the players are dealt seconds, that is the second card rather than the top card.
A dealer can use this move to help a confederate at the table or to cheat the players at the table.
Sequencing An advanced shuffle-tracking, team technique.
The players identify certain cards usually Aces, hence "Ace Sequencing" in the shuffle and by controlling the table attempt to subsequently steer these cards to the team's hands.
Session A short period of time for recording results.
A session might be the time you spent at one table, or the time you spent in one casino, or the time you spent playing blackjack between breaks away from the game.
Settlement The resolution of the bet.
The dealer either collects the player's chips, pays the player or leaves the chips on the table in the case of a push.
Sharpe Ratio A method of comparing risk and ruin, named after Nobel prize winner William Sharpe.
It compares the difference in return and investment may have over a risk-less investment to the risk of the original investment.
Shill A casino employee, usually hired to be a "starter" in casino games.
This employee may play at otherwise empty tables in order to attract players.
Typically they have a large amount of chips in front of them giving players the idea that the table is hot.
Shoe This is the shoe box shaped transparent or wooden device that holds up to eight decks used in blackjack.
It allows the dealer to deal one card off caught cheating at blackjack squared top quickly and efficiently.
Two, four, and six deck shoes are common.
Shoe Game A reference to blackjack games which use a shoe to hold the cards.
Short Shoe A shoe from which certain cards have been removed, usually as a means of cheating players.
For instance, ten valued cards or aces may be removed from the shoe, which would give the house an unbeatable advantage.
Sometimes, the reverse occurs, wherein cards are added to the shoe which would be detrimental to the player, such as five's and sixes.
Shuffle To thoroughly mix the cards before dealing them to the players.
Shuffle Card A plastic card, usually the same as the cut card, which is inserted into a deck, pack or shoe to indicate when to break the deck and reshuffle the cards.
Shuffle Master The trademarked name of a mechanical device that some casinos use to shuffle the cards in multi-deck games, in order to speed up the game and defeat cheating and shuffle tracking.
Shuffle Tracking A sophisticated technique that requires a player to count the cards, observe where groups of high or low cards are placed in the discard tray, follow them through the shuffle, and then cut the cards in such a way as to bring excess high cards into play.
It is a proven way to get an edge at shoe games.
Shuffle Up Premature shuffling by the dealer to discourage card counting or to harass a player who is usually suspected of being a counter.
Side Bet A bet in blackjack that may be made in addition to the primary bet placed in the betting circle.
It is similar to the proposition bets in craps, in that the player is betting that a certain circumstance will occur, such as receiving a pair or two cards of the same suit.
Almost all side bets carry a large house advantage.
Side Count An additional count to track certain cards.
Common side counts include an ace or five count.
Slug A small number of cards, bunched together in the deck.
Usually used to identify the cards that a cheating dealer pre-identifies, controls in his shuffling action and deals out accordingly.
Snapper A colloquial term for a natural or blackjack.
Sof An abbreviation for Slots A Fun, a casino.
Ace-9 is soft 20.
If later valued at 1, it becomes a "hard" hand.
Soft Double To double down on a hand with an ace as part of the original hand.
Spanish 21 A version of blackjack in which the actual tens are removed from play.
It carries a variety of favorable rules, and can be beat with specialized counting methods.
Usually, any pair of ten valued cards may be split as if they were a natural pair.
You place an additional bet equal to your original bet on the separated card.
In most casinos if the second card on either or both of these 'new' hands make another pair, you can split that hand as well.
Some casinos do not allow Aces to be resplit.
When splitting pairs, as with "Doubling Down", if the dealer gets a "Blackjack", only the blackjack gardens bet will lose.
Splitting Aces If you receive a pair of aces on your first two cards, you may choose to split the aces.
When you split aces, you will receive only one card on each ace.
However, if you receive a second ace after you split, you may choose to re-split the aces.
Spooking The practice of standing somewhere away from a blackjack table to identify the dealer's down or hole card and then secretly signaling the value of the card to a player at the table.
An illegal form of cheating.
A court has ruled however that a seated player may use hole card information if obtained because of a dealer error or mishandling.
For example, a person dealt two tens would normally stand and refuse another card.
The dealer will proceed to the next player.
Stand-Off Both player and dealer have the same hand total.
check this out keeps bet Also tie or push.
Standard Deviation A term which describes how far one may stray from the expected value of a game in either direction.
It is determined by finding the square root of the variance of a game.
Statistical Blackjack Analyzer Counting software designed by Karel Janacek which can analyze counting systems and simulate play.
Steam Usually used as a term to describe a person who begins to over-bet in an attempt to recoup his losses.
Any hand that could bust if drawn to.
For example a hard 12-16.
The stiff hands are hard totals of 12 through 16.
A reference to any dealer surrender sign in card of 2 through 6, since we always assume a 10-value card in the hole.
Strategy Number The count number used to determine the point at which a variation from basic strategy may be made in the game of blackjack.
Streak A series of wins or losses.
Strip See Las Vegas Strip.
Strip Rules A set of rules, once prevalent in Las Vegas Strip casinos, where a Dealer stands on soft 17 S17Player is allowed to DOA double on anythingPlayer is not allowed to DAS no double down after splitPair splitting is allowed up to 4 hands, No RSA no re-splitting of aces allowed.
It is of course assumed that the other common rules also apply: Insurance offered, Dealer collects only original bets, Split aces receive only 1 card, Ace-Ten after splitting aces counts as simple 21.
Stripping The dealer's shuffling action whereby he holds a pack of cards in one hand and with the other he picks up "strips" a small number of cards from the top and places them on the table, successively, one on top of the other until a new pack is formed but with the order of cards grossly reversed.
The smaller the number of cards he picks "strips" from the original pack, the stronger the reversal.
Of course, the perfect reversal would be achieved by picking up "stripping" the cards one by one, but that is not desirable by the casino since it eliminates the action's randomness.
Surrender Surrender is the only option of not playing a hand after receiving your first two cards.
When you exercise the option of surrender, the dealer will pick up your cards, and you will lose one half of your bet.
This is done before the dealer plays out his hand.
Shooting Star Casino is the only casino in Minnesota to offer surrender.
The surrender option offered at Shooting Star Casino is called "late surrender", which means you may surrender only after the dealer has checked for Blackjack.
Also Late Surrender and Early Surrender.
The acronym for Steve Wynn, casino owner.
The acronym for Stanford Wong, author.
Software, in a computer context.
Swing Shift This is the busiest shift in casinos.
Swing-shift workers generally come to work at 6 PM, but may start a couple of hours earlier or later than 6.
T Table Hopping Moving from one table to another in rapid succession while playing.
Often used in conjunction with wonging, backcounting and team play.
Tap Out Losing your whole bankroll.
Acronym for Table, Research, Grading and Evaluation Technique.
An alternative system, originally formulated by Eddie Olsen and Jerry Patterson, to beat multi-deck Blackjack.
TARGET's basic premise is that casino shuffling routines are non-random and tend to create biases in shoes, sometimes favoring the player 5% of the time but mostly favoring the house 70%.
The player must therefore identify and play in tables that show evidence of excess players' wins while avoiding tables which are "dealer-biased".
A set of table-selection rules is provided, which focus on signs of players crowding the table a lot of cigarette butts in the ashtrays, etcfor specific card sequences "clumping" observed, etc.
Also see the comprehensive Sims on biased shoes in Blackjack Essays by Mason Malmuth, 1987.
Also see Abdul Jalib's analysis of biases in his "In Search of Clumping" here archived in bjmath.
Team Play A term for a group of players who play using one bankroll, usually provided by the player's themselves and other investors.
Tell A dealer's give-away expression, gesture, mannerism or overall attitude which gives to the alert player enough information about the dealer's hole card.
Tells exist only in games where the dealer checks under tens for a natural.
To guard against tells, and also dealer-player collusion, most casinos have installed automatic hole-card checking machines or switched to the no-peeking-under-tens rule.
Tell Play Observing the dealer and trying to detect subtle body language and expressions that show his hand.
It is the last person to receive the cards during a round of play.
Thorp The father of card counting, Edward O.
His Beat the Dealer is the first book to explain card counting.
TI The acronym for a Las Vegas casino called Treasure Island.
Tie Both player and dealer have the same hand total.
Also Push or Stand-Off.
Tob An abbreviation for The Theory Of Blackjack, book by Peter Griffin.
Toke A player tip to the dealer or to any other casino person providing service to the player.
Tough Player A smart player who can make money against the casino in the short run.
Tray The special place in the table where the dealer keeps the house chips, stacked horizontally in rows.
Trop An abbreviation for any of the casinos named Tropicana.
True Count The true count is derived from the running count divided by the number of decks left in the shoe.
The running count adjusted to account for the number of cards left in the deck or shoe to be played.
The total number of decks can be estimated to the nearest deck or half deck.
Truncating A practice which reduces every "precise" index number to just an integer.
Truncated indices, or indexes.
When Truncating, we simply take away truncate the decimal part of the index number, leaving only the integer part.
Of course, an index number which has been calculated to be "precisely" an integer, does not change: +3.
Also Flooring and Rounding.
Twenty-One Another name for the game of blackjack U Ube The acronym for Universal Blackjack Engine, software by John Imming.
Ubz An abbreviation for Unbalanced Zen card-counting system.
Unbalanced Count A count in which the number of plus and minus cards is not equal.
For example, the KO count has one more plus valued card than minus valued card, which makes it an unbalanced count.
Unbalanced Zen An unbalanced version of Arnold Snyder's Zen Count.
Unit This generally means a card counter's minimum bet.
Up Card The dealer's first dealt card, placed face up.
It is a balanced count which values the 3 through 7 cards as a plus one and the tens, face cards and aces as a minus one.
It also utilizes a number of strategy variations based on the count.
Uston Advanced Point Count A level three counting system described by Ken Uston in the book, Million Dollar Blackjack.
It assigns the value of plus one to 2s and 8s, plus two to 3s, 4s, 6s and 7s, plus three to 5s, minus one to 9s and minus three to 10s.
It uses the same tag values but does not include the strategy variations on the Advanced Count.
V Var An abbreviation for variance.
Variance This can be determined by subtracting the expected value from each possible outcome in a game or hand, squaring the differences and multiplying each square by its probability of occurring and then summing the total of the product.?!
A colloquial expression for the house advantage on a game.
Used to describe any fee collected for play.
It derives from a gangland term for the interest charged by loan sharks and is short for vigorish.
VP The acronym for Video Poker.
Warp If the dealer bends the cards while checking under 10s and shuffles gently, the cards might take on warps that make them readable while face down.
For more information on using warps, see Basic Blackjack.
Wash To mix a deck of cards by placing them face down on the table and mixing them by using a washing motion.
This is commonly done whenever new decks of cards are brought to a table.
Wgbjb An abbreviation for Humble and Cooper's book titled The World's Greatest BlackJack Book Whale This is casino-speak for a high-roller of the biggest sort.
Win Rate The speed at which one is expected to win, commonly expressed as a percentage or in dollars per hour or per a specified number of hands.
To back count the cards dealt at a particular table and to then join play only when the count indicates the game has swung to the player's advantage, and then to leave when the count indicates the game has turned unfavorable.
Playing in any favorable situation in a number of different games.
It is named after blackjack author and BJ21 webmaster Stanford Wong, who popularized this method of play.
Www The acronym for Bally's Wild Wild West casino in Atlantic City, NJ.
Z Zen Count A level two counting system described by Arnold Snyder in his book, Blackbelt in Blackjack.
It assigns a value of plus one to the 2s, 3s and 7s, plus two to the 4s, 5s and 6s, minus one to the Please click for source and minus two to the ten valued cards.

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Do you remember this?
Cruise is winning and winning big.
The scene shifts to the casino surveillance room famous eye-in-the-sky where two casino employees are trying to figure out how Cruise is winning all that money playing blackjack.
But something is not right — you know there is no one in the world that can count into a 6-deck shoe.
The quick and dirty answers to both questions are, No and No.
What follows are in my opinion the most popular myths and the corresponding truths.
Using your brain when you play blackjack is not illegal; neither is card counting.
The general public believes that a card counter memorizes every card in the deck just like Rain Man did in the movie.
Card counting, in fact, requires nothing more than simple addition and subtraction in some counting systems, a little division, too.
If you have average intelligence meaning you can read, write, and can mentally add and subtractyou can learn card counting.
So did the MIT students.
Remember that card counting is nothing more than mentally adding plus values and minus values, and you can do that with six and eight decks as easily as you can with a single deck of cards.
If your bankroll is meager, you just need to play at a lower minimum bet size.
However, the newer systems that have been developed focus more on simplicity and ease of use, and although they may not have the same profit potential as a more complex counting system, they take only hours to learn by average players.
That has happened in the past but nowadays smart lawyers have defended abused card counters and won several high-profile cases against casinos.
Casinos nowadays have become much blackjack soil south carolina careful of how they treat suspected card counters.
Why bother with card counting?
Because if you want to win at blackjack, card counting is a proven technique that works.
EFFECT OF CARD REMOVAL Picture a fishbowl containing 100 black marbles and 100 white marbles.
You can bet as much as you want on which colored marble you will randomly select from the bowl.
You begin by betting one dollar on a white marble.
You close your eyes, stick your hand face up house edge the bowl, and randomly pull out a marble.
What are the odds it will be white?
Obviously, the odds are 50-50 since there are equal numbers of white and black marbles in the bowl.
Suppose you picked a white marble on your first try.
click at this page, because you just won a buck.
You bet another dollar on white.
What are your chances of picking another white marble the second time?
If you said 50-50 you are wrong.
Remember, we removed one white marble on the first pick.
The odds of picking a white marble on the second try are no longer 50-50.
In fact, you would have had a half percent advantage if you bet on a black marble on your second pick because there were 100 black and 99 white marbles in the bowl.
But if you were a smart player in this game, you would have bet on a black marble for your second pick.
There may be a point when there will be a large imbalance of black vs.
The above game is an example of a dependent-trial process because the odds change depending on what marbles were selected in previous picks.
CARD REMOVAL IN BLACKJACK Suppose you sit down at a with two other players and during the first round after the shuffle, you notice that four aces were played.
What are your chances of getting a blackjack on the second round?
How much would you bet on the second round?
Because all four aces in the deck have been removed in the first round, your chance of getting a blackjack in the second round is 0; therefore, if you were a smart, observant player, you would bet the minimum in round two.
On the other hand, if no aces appeared in round one, it would have been wise to bet more money in round two because you had a greater chance of getting a blackjack and a bonus payout.
The point is this: ; the odds change depending on what cards were played and removed in previous rounds.
The effect of removing aces is fairly obvious but what about the other cards?
Do they have the same importance when taken out of play?
Mathematicians have studied this by simulating millions of hands of blackjack on a computer.
They can then compare the house edge with one 2 removed with the benchmark game to determine what the effect is when a 2 is removed.
It shows the approximate gain or loss i.
What would happen if we removed, say, an ace and a 5?
In other words, the removals of an ace and a 5 nearly cancel each other, leaving us almost right back where we started.
If you glance again at the table, you can see that the small cards all have a positive effect when they are removed from play and the 10s and aces have a negative effect.
Also the removal of a 5 has a much greater effect than the removal of an 8.
Any card counting system has to somehow accurately reflect the different strengths of the cards.
So how did the mathematicians do this when they were developing their card counting systems?
If you consider the rules and the playing strategies used by players i.
When the remaining undealt cards are richer in large cards, you are more likely to be dealt a blackjack, and this favors the player.
When wewe are hoping to draw a large card to give us a strong pat hand.
Furthermore, most doubles occur when the dealer has a weak upcard.
Therefore, you are more likely to make a pat hand and the dealer is more likely to bust with a weak upcard when the unplayed cards are richer in large cards.
This is especially the case when splitting aces, and 7s, 8s, and 9s.
However, when you have click the following article of the composition of the unplayed cards, the insurance bet can become profitable.
Specifically, when the unplayed cards are sufficiently rich in 10s, the likelihood that the dealer will have a 10 in the hole increases, making insurance a profitable bet for the player.
Obviously, when the deck is richer in large cards, the dealer has a higher probability of busting when drawing to a stiff 12 through 16.
Moreover, when the dealer has a stiff hand and the deck is rich in small cards, the dealer is more likely to achieve a pat hand.
This is one reason why a deck rich in small cards favors the dealer.
For the above reasons, it should be clear to you why small cards favor the dealer more than the player and large cards favor the player much more than the dealer.
After the dealer shuffles the cards, there are an equal number of small and large cards in the deck s.
During the play of a shoe, the composition of the unplayed cards changes.
By tracking the depletion of small and large cards, card counters know when the relative composition of the unplayed cards is richer in large or small cards.
When the deck becomes richer in large cards, the card counter has the edge and he bets more.
Mathematicians developed card counting systems as a tool that players can use to determine when they have the edge and should bet more.
The first systems that were developed assigned a value, or tag, to each card.
For example, suppose player 1 has a two-card hand consisting of a 6 and a 4 and then draws a 10 for a 20.
A card counter would add the tags for each of the cards to arrive at the sum of +1 again, this is known as the running count.
Note that because the tag for a 10 is —1, you must subtract 1 from your running count.
Remember your rules for adding positive and negative numbers.
A card counter will continue to mentally add the tags of the small and large cards as the cards are exposed.
The player carries over the running count from one round to the next.
At the end of each round, the counter will have either a positive running count, a negative running count, or possibly 0.
Suppose the running count is positive after the first round of play.
What does this tell the card counter?
In order for the running count to be gas station machines near positive number, there must have been more small cards played in the previous round than large cards remember the small cards have a tag of +1 and the big cards have a —1 tag.
Card counters indirectly have knowledge of the ratio of large cards to small cards on the next deal by keeping track of all the cards that were played in the previous rounds.
I hope you are pleasantly surprised to see how card counters track cards.
How do they accomplish this?
This is what creates the basic edge that card counters have over the casino when the count is positive, and this is how card counters can beat the game of blackjack.
DIFFERENT CARD COUNTING SYSTEMS There are dozens of different card counting systems that have been developed and published, with different levels of complexity, meaning the highest value assigned to a ranked card.
However, from our discussion of thethe effect of removal EOR of, say, each small card 2 through 6 is not the same.
The 5, for example, has a greater EOR than, say, a 2.
Therefore, some card counting systems that aim for more accuracy try to incorporate this fact by assigning a tag of +2 to the ranked cards that have a greater EOR e.
Obviously, as the levels of the counting systems increase, the complexity of learning the system and playing it without mistakes also increases.
For readers of this guide, I would recommend you begin your card-counting journey with a Level 1 system.
Although later on, I will describe a few simpler systems that are not as powerful as level 1 systems but take much less time to master.
To give you a flavor of the different types of card counting systems that are available to players, see the table below.
This is for information only.
LEARNING THE HI-LO CARD COUNTING SYSTEMS This sub-chapter, and the following three sub-chapters, will teach you the complete Hi-Lo card counting system.
However, if you practice the drills outlined in these sub-chapters, you will find that the Hi-Lo card-counting system is not as difficult as it first appears to be.
HISTORY OF HI-LO In 1963, computer mathematician Harvey Dubner gave a talk at a Computer Conference in Las Vegas in which he explained the Hi-Lo point count system that he devised.
His counting system was much simpler and more practical than Dr.
Several other mathematicians have studied and optimized the Hi-Lo over the years, most notably, Stanford Wong in his classic book Professional Blackjack.
Hi-Lo has been the gold standard of card counting systems for many years.
It works well, is relatively easy to learn, and it will give you the edge when you play blackjack.
CARD TAGS FOR HI-LO As discussed in sub-chapter 10.
The neutral 7, 8, and 9 ranked cards are assigned a tag of 0 i.
LEARNING THE TAGS OF EACH CARD The first thing you have to master is to be able to quickly recognize the tags for each card in a deck.
Focus only on what the tag of the card is and not on its rank.
Keep doing this drill until you can accurately recall from memory the tag of each card.
Now take the deck of the cards and repeat the above drill, only this time, add or sum the tags of the cards.
For example, the table below shows a random sample of six cards, what the tag is for each card, and the arithmetic cumulative sum of the tags i.
The sum is +1.
The sum is still +2.
The sum is now +3.
By the way, if you did the drill accurately, what should the final sum be?
You need to keep practicing your card counting with a deck of cards until you can consistently obtain a final count of 0.
At this point in your learning curve this may seem like an impossibility, but trust me, after a little practice, you will https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/zynga-poker-blackjack-nasl-oynanr.html surprised at how quickly you will be able to count down a deck of cards.
The reason you need to practice speed as well as accuracy is because in a casino the cards are sometimes dealt rapidly by the dealer and you need to be able to keep the count accurately under these conditions.
By canceling a low card with a high card, card counting becomes a lot easier.
The following table shows an example of this drill.
Notice that the first two cards 2-5 each had a +1 tag, so the sum or running count is +2.
Let me pause for a moment and ask you this question.
But if I ask you how much is —3 plus +5 caught cheating at blackjack squared you be able to give me the answer just as quickly?
We deal with positive numbers all our lives but rarely do we deal with negative numbers; therefore, adding and subtracting negative numbers is often a challenge for players.
Perhaps the following diagram will help.
In other words, adding a negative number to a negative number gives a larger negative number see above diagram.
Try determining the running count for the following four hands using the above diagram as a guide.
These drills may seem hard at first but with a little practice you will be able to handle adding and pokerstars argentina bloqueado positive and negative numbers accurately.
With this tool, you can practice your card counting including cancellation at different speeds with either a single deck or six decks of cards.
The Trainer has instructions written by me that explain how to use the software.
This is a valuable tool that will help you master keeping the running count quickly and accurately.
Try the six-deck mode so you get some practice counting six decks of cards.
Once your card counting accuracy is at 100%, increase the speed setting and repeat the drill.
You can incrementally increase the speed setting and practice your counting at progressively faster speeds.
PRACTICING WITH NOISE Casinos are often noisy with plenty of distractions.
Once you feel comfortable keeping the running count with a deck of cards or with the Interactive Trainertry practicing card counting at home with the radio or TV on.
Remember your goal is to be able to consistently count down a deck of cards accurately in less than 30 seconds.
Next up: How to bet using the running count.
Next up: How to bet using the running count.
The 7, 8, and 9 is assigned a tag of 0.
HOW TO USE THE RUNNING COUNT TO BET IN SINGLE Doubt. blackjack carburetors like DOUBLE-DECK GAMES Now we get to the meat-and-potatoes of card counting; namely, sizing your bets based on the running count.
Ditto if the payoff is 7-6 or even rigged iphone blackjack />The house edge against a basic strategy player zooms to over 1% in a 6-5 single-deck game, making it nearly impossible to beat even with card counting.
And unfortunately, many casinos have implemented single-deck games with the 6-5 blackjack payoffs.
Bottom line: Avoid any 6-5 single-deck game even if you are a card counter.
But not all is doom-and-gloom because there are still single-deck games that pay 3-2 for a blackjack just not as many of them.
However, the issue with these games has to do with how the casino reshuffles the cards in single-deck games.
If there are five players, the dealer will only deal only one round and then reshuffle the cards.
Just think: you carefully count every card in the first round and have a juicy +6 count going in to the next round.
You are all set to push out a max bet because you have a big edge when the dealer abruptly starts reshuffling the cards.
Some casinos use a Rule of 7 better while others use a Rule of 5 worse.
The only way to know when the dealer will shuffle the cards between rounds is to simply watch a game and see how often the cards are shuffled.
The more positive the RC, the greater your edge and the more you will be betting.
They usually increase their bets after then win a hand.
The point is that the above betting scheme is not carved in stone.
More on this in.
The same caution applies here as to the single-deck game: making big jumps in your bet size from one round to the next might attract attention from casino personnel.
When playing in a multi-deck game six- and eight-deckswe have to add another tool to our arsenal, namely converting the running count to a true count.
If you answered no, you are correct.
A +6 running count in a single-deck game after the first round is a significant advantage for a player, justifying a larger bet size on the next hand.
However, a +6 running count after the first round in a six-deck game is not nearly as significant because there are more than 5.
In order to get a more accurate estimate of your advantage in multiple-deck games, we need to normalize i.
Suppose you made a gallon of sweet tea and the recipe called for three scoops of sugar.
Next day you decide to make four gallons of iced tea in a bigger container.
How much sugar would you add?
Suppose instead you added only four scoops of sugar to the four gallons of ice tea.
The amount of scoops of sugar you added per gallon of tea was only one scoop, instead of three, which means the four gallons of iced tea would be significantly less sweet than the original gallon of sweet tea.
In order to accurately determine your advantage in a multi-deck game, you need to convert or normalize the running count to a true count per deck.
You are probably wondering how you will be able to determine the number of unplayed decks of cards.
Fortunately, the casinos have provided us with a device to do this.
The dealing shoe is to her left; the discard tray to her right.
The discard tray is where the dealer places the discards from each round in a neat stack that can be seen by everyone.
By glancing at the stack of cards in the discard tray you can estimate the number of unplayed decks of cards by a simple subtraction.
You glance at the discard tray and estimate four decks of stacked cards.
By subtracting the number of decks in the discard tray 4 from the number of decks being used 6you arrive at two unplayed decks these decks are currently located in the dealing shoe.
You would then mentally divide +8 by 2 to arrive at a true count of +4.
The calculation of the true count for negative running counts works the same way.
Assume a six-deck game.
PRACTICING CONVERTING RC TO TC The key to determine the true count is to estimate accurately the number of decks in the discard tray.
This is how I recommend that you practice doing this.
Label each stack with a sticky note.
Randomly place the stacks one at a time on a table, and practice estimating the number of decks in the stack by eyeballing the height check this out the stack.
You need to keep practicing this drill until you can accurately determine the number of decks in a stack of cards.
Drill 2 I will share with you another very good drill that blackjack pro Kevin Blackwood described https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/hi-lo-13-european-blackjack-gold.html his book, Play Blackjack Like the Pros.
After you number them, keep then in order.
Now guess roughly how many decks of cards remain in the discard tray.
For example, suppose you estimated three decks in the discard tray and the number on the top card was 200.
You were way off in your estimate because three decks of cards is 156 cards.
You need to practice this drill until you can accurately estimate the number of decks.
This is important because you are going to be betting real money based on the estimated number of decks in that tray and you want to get it right.
Drill 3 Assume a six-deck game.
The second column lists what the running count is for each hand.
The number of decks of cards in the discard tray is listed in the third column.
Do the mental calculation to determine the number of unplayed decks in the dealing shoe and what the true count is for each hand.
Once you estimate what the true count is, you will be using it to determine how much to bet and whether to deviate from the basic playing strategy covered in 10.
Otherwise, you maintain the running count from one round to the next until the shuffle.
At the start of the next shoe, begin your running count at 0 again and repeat the process.
For example, if your true count is 2.
Therefore, in a six-deck game with a house edge of 0.
As a card counter, you will be sizing your bets based on the true count.
The more positive the true count, the greater your edge and the more you should bet.
SIX- AND EIGHT-DECK BETTING SCHEME As a card counter, you will be sizing your bets based on the true count.
The more positive the true count, the greater your edge and the more you should bet.
The above is an ideal bet spread, meaning you bet exactly according to the true count on every hand.
The issue with this approach, as I mentioned in sub-Chapter 10.
For now, keep this point in mind and in Chapter 10.
Card counting is legal as long as you are using your mind, and not an electronic device, to keep the count.
The way I remember how much I need to bet on every hand is as follows: The above is a suggestion; use whatever technique works for you so that you remember how much to bet at each true count.
Besides using the true count to vary our bets in multi-deck games, we can also use it to vary our playing strategy.
HOW TO USE THE TRUE COUNT TO VARY YOUR PLAYING STRATEGY IN MULTI-DECK GAMES In the previous sub-chapter, you learned how to very your bets in multi-deck games using the true count.
The reason is that the more positive the https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/paroli-system-blackjack.html, the more inclined you will be to stand, double, split, take insurance, or surrender.
The following table contains what is known as the Illustrious 18 for multi-deck games.
It summarizes the most important hands for deviating from basic strategy the ones that give you the most bang for your buck.
The first column lists the play, the second column lists the index number, and the third column lists the action you should take on each hand.
Note: The table contains the indices for multi-deck games with s17.
Where two indices are shown, the second is for h17 game.
If you want the indices for single- and double-deck games, see Table 10.
MULTI-DECK INDICES For example, suppose you have a 10-6, the dealer has a 9 upcard, and the true count is +6.
The index in the above table for 16 vs 9 is +5.
Therefore, instead of following the basic strategy decision to hit, you should instead stand.
This makes sense, because with a high positive true count, you are more likely to break if you hit in a ten-rich deck.
You surrender when the true count is equal to or exceeds the index number.
For example, write 16 vs 10 on one side and stand at 0 or higher on the other side.
Then as you run through your flash cards, recite what the index number is and the strategy deviation.
For example, 16 vs 10, 0 or higher stand.
Drill 2 The following table lists 15 plays and the corresponding true count multi-deck game with s17.
Assume surrender is offered.
Jot down how you would play each hand.
ADVANCED BASIC STRATEGY CARDS My good friend and fellow blackjack expert Kenneth Smith has developed a unique set of basic strategy cards that have the Hi-Lo index numbers from +5 to —5 printed on the cards.
YOUR EDGE By following the above betting and playing strategies for single- double- and multi-decks games, your edge as a card counter will be about 0.
There is a new-breed of counting systems that use only the running count for betting and playing decisions.
This makes card counting much easier for many players.
As I described in 10.
Before I explain how this can be, let me first delve into some history.
Other blackjack authors then began to refine his system.
It was in 1983 that blackjack expert and author Arnold Snyder published the first unbalanced point count card counting system called the Red Seven Count.
Snyder published the Red Seven Count in his book Blackbelt in Blackjack.
However, with the advent of high speed computers years later, the unbalanced Red Seven has proven to be quite a powerful counting system without the necessity of converting a running count to a true count.
This unbalanced system assigns a tag of +1 to the 4, 5, 6, and the black i.
All other cards, including the red deuce, have a tag of 0.
What creates the unbalance in this system is the assignment of the tag of +1 to the black deuce, meaning if you add up the tags in a deck of cards you will arrive at a final running count of +2 not 0 like Hi-Lo.
The starting running count in the KISS Count for a six-deck game is +10 more about starting counts shortly.
You simply add +1 to your starting count of +10 for every 4, 5, 6, and black deuce that is played and subtract —1for every face card that is played.
After one-deck of cards is played, the expected average running count should be +12 i.
Suppose instead your running count was +22.
You would have seen 10 more +1 cards to arrive at +22, meaning there are still 10 face card left in the unplayed five decks, or two extra face cards per card i.
Suppose you keep playing and after two decks have been played your running count is still 22.
This means the unplayed four decks of cards contain an extra 8 face cards or two extra face cards per deck.
If the running count stays at 22 after the play-out of the third, fourth, and the fifth deck, the number of extra face cards per deck in the unplayed decks is summarized in the table below.
Remember the rule: for every increase in the true count by one, you edge goes very 7 card blackjack rules rather by half a percent.
In other words, the pivot is the only point where the ratio of low to high cards is exactly known, regardless of where you are in the decks.
You are probably wondering what happens when the running count drifts above or below the pivot point.
However, the error is not very large, and over all, unbalanced counting systems give nearly the same performance as a similar balanced counting system.
DIFFERENT UNBALANCED SYSTEMS There are several variations craps unbalanced card counting systems.
Some are Level 1; others are the more complex Level 2 and 3.
Besides the Kiss Count discussed above, the following table summarizes some of the more popular unbalanced card counting systems.
HOW TO USE UNBALANCED CARD COUNTING SYSTEMS With an unbalanced card click system, you base your betting and playing strategy solely on the running count.
When the running count rises to a specific value of the running count where you have the edgeyou begin to increase your bets.
Below that value, you bet the minimum.
However, I received permission from Huntington Press, publishers of the book Knock-Out Blackjack by Olaf Vancura, Ph.
DOUBLE-DECK GAME In a double-deck game, you start your count after the shuffle at —4.
When the running count rises to +1, you begin to increase your bets according to the following schedule.
SIX-DECK GAME In a six-deck game, you start your count after the shuffle at —20.
You begin to increase your bets when the running count rises to —4.
Note: With unbalanced card counting systems, you can customize the starting count to a positive number to avoid the use of negative numbers.
For example, in the above two-deck example, you could begin https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/probability-of-dealer-winning-in-blackjack.html running count after the shuffle at +13 and begin increasing your bets when the running count rises to +18 or more.
Besides varying your bets based on the running count, you can also use the https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-humor.html count to vary your playing strategy.
For example, a basic strategy player should never take insurance.
But by using the K-O count, the insurance bet becomes profitable when the running count is +3 or greater.
For details on all the preferred strategy plays, consult the book Knock-Out Blackjack.
Note: The third edition of Knock-Out Blackjack also contains.
Don: Anthony is sending me a paragraph about the new basic strategy that was developed with K-O that eliminates indices for playing strategy.
This new material will appear in the third edition of the book, which Anthony is publishing.
Suffice it to say that unbalanced card counting systems work nearly as well, and for recreational players that find the true count calculation too taxing, they ought to consider using an unbalanced counting system.
I would be thrilled if every blackjack player would learn Hi-Lo or one of the unbalanced counting systems that I reviewed in Chapter 10.
If you fall into this group, or you are a basic strategy player using a progressive betting system, let me show in dollars and cents what a simple entry-level card counting system will gain you.
If you assume a player that learns a simple entry-level card-counting system has a modest 0.
Need I say any more as to why I encourage you to keep reading this chapter and setting a personal goal to at least learn one of the card counting systems I am about to explain.
SPEED COUNT Speed Count was developed by Dan Pronovost in 2002.
The latter varies very little with the rules and number of decks.
What Dan focused on is that in the 2.
You start your Speed Count at 30 after the shuffle double-deck game or 27 six-deck game.
You wait until a player completes his hand and then you add one to your Speed Count for every low card i.
At the end of the round, you then subtract the number of hands that were played in the round from your Speed Count.
When your Speed Count rises to 31 or higher after each round, the advantage has shifted in your favor and you bet more.
Our starting Speed Count after the shuffle is 30.
Here are the cards dealt to each player and the dealer.
Player 1 was dealt a 2 and 8, he doubled down and drew a 7.
The Speed Count increases by one due to the presence of the 2 in the hand.
Player 2 was dealt a soft 15; he correctly doubled down and drew a 5.
This player has two low cards in his hand 4 and 5 so the Speed Count increases from 31 to 33.
On one split he drew a 4 and 10 and on the other a 10.
You now have a slight edge and you would bet more in the next round.
The Speed Count system also includes the Optimum Basic Strategy OBS.
This is a modified basic playing strategy that has been fine-tuned specifically to the betting with Speed Count that eliminates strategy indices.
Not only does OBS boost your edge slightly over the traditional basic strategy, it also gives the player built-in camouflage to disguise the fact that he is, in fact, an advantage player.
The Speed Count system includes conservative and aggressive betting spreads much the same as balanced and unbalanced counting systems sometimes do.
The greater the spread, the greater the edge but the more risk to your bankroll.
Depending on the rules, you can easily obtain a 0.
For more details on Speed Count, consult the Golden Touch Blackjack Revolution e-book www.
K-O ROOKIE This unbalanced card counting system is a simplified version of the K-O system that I described in sub-chapter 10.
If you feel you can get away with a 1-5 bet spread, you can obtain a 0.
If you use only a conservative 1-2 bet spread, your edge decreases to 0.
The system also has starting and key counts for single- six- and eight-deck games.
For more details on the K-O Rookie, consult the book Knock-Out Blackjack by Olaf Vancura, Ph.
KISS COUNT 1 I described this unbalanced counting system in sub-section 10.
Summing up all the tags in a deck of cards gives a running count of +2.
The system varies the starting count depending on the number of decks of cards e.
The following betting spread is recommended: 1—6 units for double-deck, and 1—10 for six decks.
The KISS Count also has rules i.
You can achieve about a 0.
For more details on the KISS Count 1, consult the book Blackjack Bluebook II by Fred Renzey.
The system, as described in the book Blackjack Bluebook II, is used for six-deck games.
Specifically, it tells you after two decks have been played whether the unplayed four decks are richer in tens and aces, in which case you increase you bets.
Here is how it works.
After the shuffle you simply add all the tens including picture cardsand aces that you see during the play of the first two decks.
Once there are two decks in the discard tray, you stop adding the tens and aces.
There are sixteen 10s and four aces in a deck of cards; therefore, in two decks you should see, on average, a total of forty aces and tens.
According to Renzey, about 20% of the time significantly fewer than forty aces and tens will appear in the first two decks leaving a surplus of these valuable cards in the unplayed decks.
During the play of the first two decks, you bet 1 unit.
There are also several recommended playing strategy changes at FC 36 and 35 as well taking insurance at 32 FC.
It has since been optimized by Michael Shackleford who published his version on wizardofods.
The 5 is given a tag of +1 and the ace —1.
This assumes that on average all the other cards in a deck will be evenly distributed.
These systems take about as much time to learn as it takes to master the basic playing strategy.
In addition, to achieve the same edge as an unbalanced or balanced counting system, you will need more bankroll to achieve the same expected return.
HOW TO ENHANCE YOUR EDGE In the previous sub-chapters I explained how you can get the edge by card counting using a balanced, unbalanced, or entry-level card counting system.
What follows are some methods that you can use to enhance your edge.
PENETRATION Blackjack dealers never deal all the cards.
Most of the time they will deal out anywhere from macau blackjack online casino to 80% of the cards, then shuffle.
The percentage of cards dealt is known as penetration.
All else equal, the deeper the penetration meaning, the greater percentage of cards put into playthe greater the advantage to a card counter.
In fact, penetration is one of the most important factors that card counters will consider when deciding whether or not to play a game.
Look at it click way.
At the start of a shoe, we know click here count is 0 and the card counter is facing a slight disadvantage.
After one round, it is rare that the count will stray very much from 0.
However, https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-carnival-free-game.html the dealer keeps dealing into the shoe, the variability of the count will gradually increase, getting wider and wider as the penetration increases, presenting an opportunity for the card counter to increase his bets when he has a healthy edge over the house or take a break if the count becomes very negative, meaning the counter is at a great disadvantage.
The simulation was done using the Hi-Lo counting costume blackjack dealer with the Illustrious 18 see Chapter 10.
The first column lists the three penetrations: 4 decks, 4.
By increasing the penetration to 4.
With the penetration at 5 decks i.
Note: This is why casinos never deal all the cards in blackjack; if they did, card counters would have a field day.
The percent penetration occurs when the dealer places the cut card in the pack after the shuffling and player-cut is competed.
Usually, casinos give dealers instructions on where to place the cut card; however, sometimes dealers have some leeway as to where they place it.
For example, in a six-deck game dealt from a dealing shoethe dealer places the shuffled cards next to the shoe and then slides the cut card through the notch and into the stacked of cards, before placing them into the shoe.
The notch on every shoe has been calibrated so that the penetration will be virtually the same on all tables.
In a double-deck game, after shuffling and allowing a player to cut the cards, the dealer places the shuffled cards into the discard tray.
The dealer then slides the cut-card through the notch in the discard tray into the stack of shuffled cards before dealing the first hand.
This is not always a bad thing because in some casinos, the notch is calibrated at 1.
However, you need to check and confirm this via.
What follows is a guide to help you determine what penetration you should be looking for to enhance your edge.
A 60% penetration means 1.
Anything less is not worth your time.
SINGLE-DECK As a reminder, never play any single-deck game where the payoff for a blackjack is only 6-5 or worse even money.
If there are five players, the dealer will deal only one round then shuffle.
Obviously, any game where the dealer shuffles after one round is a worthless game for a card counter.
Even a two-round-and-shuffle game is marginal at best.
Therefore, as a general rule, for single-deck games, you should play when there are no more than two other players resulting in three rounds to make it worth your while.
Note: There article source instances where a casino will use a Rule of 7.
The best thing to do is to observe a few rounds to check when the dealer shuffles as a function of how many players are on the table.
PLAYING RULES You should seek out games with as many player-favorable rules as possible to increase your edge.
A double-deck game, for example, with s17 and das is worth more to a card counter than one with h17 and das but with this caveat: given a choice between a game with more favorable playing rules and one that has better penetration, most of the time the deeper-penetration game is more beneficial for the counter.
For example, a double-deck with h17 and das with a 1.
NUMBER OF DECKS As a general rule, card counters will have a greater edge with the fewest decks but that assumes all else is equal which it seldom is.
Besides the fact that the inherent edge in a double-deck game is less than it is for a six-deck game, the frequency of positive counts is always greater in the former vs the latter meaning, card counters will have more opportunities to raise their bets caught cheating at blackjack squared a double-deck games vs six- and eight-deck game.
For this reason, I play mostly double-deck games vs.
NUMBER OF PLAYERS When the count goes positive and the counter has the edge, ideally he would like to play heads-up against the dealer so that he has the best chance of being dealt the high cards in a deck rich in tens and aces.
Another factor that makes playing heads-up i.
Remember, card counters have the edge, so the more hands that they play per hour, the greater will be their hourly win rate.
In addition, playing alone, you cannot sit out any hands, caught cheating at blackjack squared there are no other players at the table to oblige the dealer to continue the game.
The key to getting a reasonable edge, especially in multi-deck games, is to use a larger bet spread.
The greater the spread, the greater the edge but also the greater the amount of attention that may come your way, and the more bankroll you will need.
Nevertheless, you should use the recommended bet spreads summarized in sub-chapters 10.
I get this information by either glancing at the stack of cards in the discard tray or the pack of unplayed cards that the dealer is holding in her hand.
Whatever happens on that last round, I leave the table.
This is a very good situation for a card counter.
Back counting involves counting down a game as a spectator and then when the count goes positive, entering the game with big bets.
Check out my tips on how to get away with siting out a few hands in sub-chapter 10.
PLAYING WITH A TEAM This is a powerful strategy used by card counting teams.
Blackjack Hall of Famer Don Schlesinger calculated a 76% increase in profits by adding just one spotter.
Casinos defense against team play is to post No Mid-Shoe Entry signs at their tables, which basically prevents the BP approach to team play.
This approach is also very profitable.
There are other types of team play too numerous to describe in this Guide but I think you get the idea of how they work.
It was in the late 1970s when casino gambling was first legalized in Atlantic City that we used this team ploy.
To take advantage of these tremendous playing conditions, my wife and I formed a mini-team.
Here is how I described it in my book Blackjack: Take the Money and Run.
I kept the count and always made a minimum bet.
When the count became positive, I signaled her to increase her bet.
She is talking, having a good time, and not watching the cards on the table like a card counter would do.
Between the two of us, we were able to make very large bets when we had the edge in a manner that drew no suspicion from the floor supervisors.
You also have to be sure that the games you select to attack are in fact beatable.
Pre-game scouting is a must.
EXIT STRATEGY You can improve your edge as a card counter if you avoid making bets in negative counts.
I suggest you also take your chips with you.
Time your break so you return right after the shuffle.
Note: Before you use this ploy, check that there is cell phone service in the room.
I usually do this if the count is very negative roughly three-quarters of the way into the first deck.
The point of these exit strategies is to minimize the number of bets you make in negative counts which in turn will increase the frequency of bets you make in positive counts and will increase your overall edge.
This is an important way to boost your edge, especially in six-deck games.
CASINOS' COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST CARD COUNTERS Even though card counting is technically legal click at this page you only use your brainit is frowned upon by casinos.
DISCOURAGING CARD COUNTING Here are some techniques that casinos use to discourage card counters.
See for a discussion on this.
HOW THEY CATCH INDIVIDUAL CARD COUNTERS Casinos use some or all of the following techniques to catch suspected card counters.
Most gamblers leave the same bet out; card counters, on the other hand, often change their bets depending on what happened to the count after the previous round was completed.
They know that card counters will stand on 16 when they have a big bet on the felt and hit when they bet small.
They know card counters take insurance only when they have a big bet on a hand, because the count was very positive.
Sometimes the casino has software that allows the surveillance technician to input the cards and bets made by the player, and the software will compute if the player is varying his bets and the play of the hands in accordance with the count.
The casino will take a photo of the player and compare the facial features against a data base of known card counters and cheaters.
Note: If any of the above casino countermeasures occur when you are playing, my advice is to say nothing, leave the table, and head for the exit.
Do not cash out your chips because casinos often get good mug shots at the casino cage.
You can come back to the casino later to cash out or have someone else cash out your chips.
Being backed off is a risk that every card counter has to accept; however, the key is to play in a manner that reduces this risk.
I will cover this in the next sub-chapter.
Just pick up your chips and head for the exit.
Do not go the cashier cage to cash out you chips.
Should you return to a casino that recently backed you off?
He returned to a casino that had a juicy double-deck game exactly six months after being backed off.
My recommendation if you have ever been backed off is to keep notes of what happened; specifically, the name of the casino, what shift it was, and the name of the supervisor who backed you off.
BARRING Being barred is more serious than being backed off.
Often but not always the supervisor will read see more statement that basically says you are not only barred from playing blackjack but you are no longer allowed on the premises, and if you return, you will be arrested for trespassing.
Nowadays, if you are barred from a casino that is owned by a large corporation e.
Therefore, if you are a high-stakes player, you need to be much more careful when you play to avoid detection.
Read the next sub-section for details.
CATCHING CARD COUNTING TEAMS Casinos are well aware of the threat that a well-financed team of card counters can pose to their bottom line.
They know card counting teams use signals, play in groups, have a BP that jumps from one table to another, and that often the team plays together at other casinos.
Legally, casinos are not allowed to question and detain a customer unless they have evidence that the patron has broken the law such as cheatingand they are awaiting law enforcement to arrive to arrest the customer.
If a casino employee asks you to accompany him to the office, you have the right to refuse unless you are being held for a crime that you committed.
I can recommend Robert Loeb co- author of Blackjack and the Law and Bob Nersesian author of Beat the Players and The Law for Gamblers: Legal Guide to the Casino Environment, spring 2016 publication.
HOW TO DISGUISE YOUR SKILLS One warm evening in Las Vegas, a young man was walking on the famed Strip, contemplating what had just happened.
He was a good card counter, he could count down a deck of cards accurately in 20 seconds flat, and knew his strategy deviations cold.
At his level of skill, he had nearly a 1% edge over the casinos, meaning he was capable of winning more than he would lose over his lifetime of playing blackjack.
Yet, moments earlier, he had been barred from playing.
Note: Disguising your playing skills is imperative if you are card counting in a land-based casino.
If you are playing an caught cheating at blackjack squared casino where the cards are shuffled after every hand, card counting is useless see Chapter 14.
CAT AND MOUSE GAME Casinos do not like to lose money; they prefer to cater to players who know how to lose, rather than to the very small minority that know how to win.
They know that card counters have the edge over link, and as I discussed in section 10.
Over the years, casino bosses have developed a stereotype of a card counter.
What follows is source perception of the characteristics of a card counter vs.
Therefore, your first goal, if you want longevity as a card counter, is to try to emulate the above characteristics of a gambler when you are playing.
By doing so, you will give the perception that you are an unskilled player, and your play will not draw attention to the ever-present pit bosses.
What follows is a smorgasbord of tips on how to stay under the casino radar.
Unfortunately, as a skilled card counter, you need to check your ego at the door when you enter a casino and take on the role of a typical unskilled recreational gambler when in reality, you are an advantage player with an edge over the casino.
NON-PUNITIVE CAMOUFLAGE This involves putting on an act that gives the casino bosses the perception that you are a typical recreational gambler.
These ploys cost you nothing or in some cases, very little and can give you longevity as a card counter when you use them.
Check out the attire of the recreational players and follow their lead.
This gives the indication that you play slots, which most unskilled recreational players will do for fun.
Placing anything on the table other than a drink is a no-no and you will be asked to pick it up; look embarrassed when this happens but continue holding the strategy card in your hand and referring to it … this schecter blackjack a6 frs perfectly legal and it gives the perception you are an unskilled player.
If you lose the initial buy-in, just dig in your pocket, purse, or better yet, a fanny pack, for more money.
Try to strike up a conversation with them and fellow players while playing.
This is something you need to practice at home — keeping the count while talking or listening to someone else talking.
Milk it while you play.
Appear confused, and if a floor supervisor is close by, get his attention and ask him how he would play it.
Or, ask one of your fellow players or the dealer for advice.
Recreational players tend to be messy whereas card counters are click here precise and neat.
This is very slightly punitive but since your disadvantage off the top of a freshly shuffled deck is relatively small, the cost is not much.
Gamblers usually keep the same bet up after a push.
Likewise, if you push a hand and the count goes up, leave the same bet up.
Here again, gamblers rarely increase their bets after pushes.
Note: The last two ploys are very slightly punitive but are worth making several times during a session at little cost.
This is slightly punitive but the cost is minimal; use this ploy only a few times per session.
At the end of the session, it will appear that you won less or lost more than you actually did.
The dealer will admonish you for standing on a busted hand.
Make a few bets then leave.
When the dealer adds up the cards in your hand, she will tell you that you busted and how you should have tossed your cards face up on the layout.
If you want to play longer, do so only during the shift change for floor supervisors; ask them beforehand what time this occurs.
If the hand wins, give the dealer her winning chips but let the original bet you made for her ride on the next hand.
This allows excellent camouflage.
Better yet, use the Big Bettor ploy discussed in Chapter 10.
The larger your bet size, the more diligent you need to be to disguise your skills.
PUNITIVE CAMOUFLAGE This type of camouflage involves making a bad play i.
Mathematicians have done extensive calculations to determine the cost of deviating from the basic playing strategy.
The key is to minimize this risk by using an act when you play.
Just pick up your chips blackjack what payout does quietly leave the casino.
Then when you get back home, think about how you played and what adjustments you need to make to your camouflage techniques the next time you play.
Think of the experience as just another lesson learned and move on.
KEY TAKEAWAYS In order to have a long life expectancy as a card counter, you need to develop an act that disguises the fact that you are an advantage player.
BANKROLL AND RISK OF RUIN This chapter covers information that most players find boring.
However, this information must be understood and practiced if you ever want to be a successful card counter.
There are two things you must have to beat the casinos: a winning system that you play accurately and a bankroll to support your betting.
I always considered myself lucky because when I first started playing blackjack nearly 50 years ago, I understood the importance of not overbetting my bankroll.
I began my card counting career with a 1 to 4 bet spread, playing a single-deck game in Las Vegas.
The rest is history.
Not once did I ever go broke, because I never overbet.
When I had success at the tables and my bankroll grew, I would increase my minimum and maximums bets and still maintain the 100 to 1 ratio.
Likewise, when my bankroll took a big hit, I would drop down in my betting units.
Slowly, but surely, my bankroll grew over the years and so did my betting stakes and profits.
If you do, you will succeed as a card counter; if not, I guarantee at some point you will go broke.
Call it your 401-G G for gambling.
The 401-G should contain funds that you use solely for playing blackjack and nothing else.
HOW MUCH Caught cheating at blackjack squared DO I NEED?
Your edge at blackjack will manifest itself over the long run.
This means in the span of a day, a week, or even several months of playing, you can experience losses.
My worst losing streak was 11 sessions in a row, even though I was playing with close to a 1% advantage.
You have to have the bankroll to withstand those short-term losing sessions, and trust me, you will have them.
Nowadays there are blackjack software programs that you can use to determine how much bankroll you need to minimize the risk of going broke.
We call the latter the Risk of Ruin or ROR.
If, for example, you play blackjack with a 20% risk of ruin, it means that, for a given bankroll, if you keep playing without changing your betting scheme or bet sizes, you will eventually lose your entire bankroll 20% of the time.
As a general rule, successful card counters maintain enough bankroll so their ROR is 5% or less.
Note: Playing for the same stakes, the lower the ROR, the more bankroll you will need compared to a higher ROR.
Some players can tolerate a higher ROR; it depends on your risk tolerance, but my recommendation to be safe is to use 5% ROR.
please click for source are two types of ROR.
One is known as a session or trip ROR; the other, is the lifetime ROR.
The session or trip ROR will tell you what the chance is of going broke for click the following article specific session or trip.
The lifetime ROR is the chance of losing your entire blackjack bankroll, no matter how long that may take.
Nowadays there are computer software programs that allow you to calculate the following: what bankroll you need for a specified ROR or vice versa meaning, for this much session bankroll, what is my ROR.
EXAMPLE OF DETERMINING BANKROLL AND RISK OF RUIN There are several relatively inexpensive blackjack software programs that you can use to determine your bankroll requirements and ROR.
The ones I recommend are Blackjack Audit by Dan PronovostCasino Vérité by Norm Wattenbergerand Blackjack Risk Manager by John Auston.
Note: I used the latter for the following examples although all three can do the calculations.
You are going to use the Hi-Lo card counting system and the game you plan to play is six decks, s17, and das, with 75% penetration 4.
You want to know what caught cheating at blackjack squared your chance of going broke before making as much money as you can i.
No sweat — you can get the data from, say, the BJRM https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-tyres.html />You could also use a blackjack simulation software program e.
You can use the software to calculate what bankroll you need for a 5% ROR or any specific ROR.
Here are the calculated lifetime bankrolls and the corresponding RORs.
A very smart choice that I always recommend to my students.
While you are waiting to save money to fund your 401-G, keep practicing your card counting and basic strategy at home.
So with a few key strokes and a software program that you can use at home you were able to determine the following in short order.
Your trip risk of ruin is only 5%.
This chapter is packed with useful information on ROR for blackjack players.
A model for how to grow your bankroll with minimum risk was developed by J.
He proposed that on every hand you should bet an amount that is in direct proportion to your bankroll and edge, and in inverse proportion to your variance.
The problem with optimal Kelly Betting is that you must accurately calculate how much to bet on every hand by multiplying your current edge on the hand times your current bankroll.
More accurately, you would divide your edge by the variance, which is the square of the standard deviation, and then multiply this result by your bankroll to determine the portion of your bankroll you should bet.
Moreover, exact Kelley betting can be very volatile and increases your risk that you could be spotted as a card counter by casino personnel.
To minimize the latter and still use the concept of Kelly Betting, https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-heathrow-airport.html nowadays use what is known as Half-Kelly Betting, meaning you would never bet more than half of your optimal bet on any hand.
My advice is to use the proportional betting ramp for whatever card counting system you plan to use.
They work and, in my opinion, are less taxing to use in a casino than Kelly Betting.
Winning at blackjack is a journey.
Along the way, you need to play beatable games with an accurate counting system and enough bankroll to withstand the short-term losses.
Bottom line: Prepare yourself for losing trips because you will experience them, and be sure that whatever your betting level, you are able to financially and emotionally make those big bets when you have the edge.
Written by Henry Tamburin Ph.
Copyright 2020, the 888 Group.
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Poker & Casino Cheating Tips From An Expert Cheat - Poker Cheating Advice from Poker Cheating Expert Richard Marcus
Game Security There are a couple extra steps you can take to strengthen your game security.
Always case the layout.
Check to see that there are any purses, wallets, glasses or anything on the layout.
Keep your eye on the table at all times and know the betting patterns of your players.
Make sure there are no confusing bets, bets over or under the table limit or situations that need to be taken care of before the cards come out.
Never assume you understand what the player wants, always get a definite answer.
One of the best ways to case the layout is by walking the game.
This allows the dealer to watch the table at all times.
Keep your body caught cheating at blackjack squared to the table and spread your feet in a wide stance.
When you deal to the right side of the table then lean to your right and turn your body slightly so you can see the entire table.
Do the same for the other side.
Never turn your back on the bankroll, even if you have a dead game.
The rack must always be in your vision.
Cheating People cheat all of the time and in creative ways; that is why you must watch the table at all times.
The following are questions to see more yourself caught cheating at blackjack squared things to look for that indicates a player is cheating.
Is the player constantly looking to see where the floorman is at?
Is the player regularly reaching for his pants or shirt pockets?
Is the player completely covering his cards with his hands?
He could be switching the cards and marking or altering them in some way.
Look for cards that are crimped, folded, cut, nicked, bent, ink marked, and sanded.
You can see this when you look at the side of the deck.
He might be getting a peek of the cards that are being flashed and he might be able to read the deck that is being shuffled.
Is the player playing two hands and continuously looking at both hands back and forth?
They might be trying to switch their cards.
Stop them right away and tell them they can only touch one hand at a time, this makes switching the cards harder to execute.
Is 1st or 3rd base providing a planned distraction?
https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/double-exposure-blackjack-online.html they start an argument, spill a drink, or learn more here a personal or rude question?
Be aware of unusual occurrences that are distracting, the player on the other side might be trying to switch cards or cheques around.
Are the people standing near the table continuously watching the deck?
Is the player making any unusual hitting or standing decisions?
Did the player suddenly increase his bet by a large amount?
Dealers look for certain things to catch card counters; like not following the book or betting sporadically.
Card counting is not illegal, the casinos just frown on it and the most they will do is throw the player out.
Is the player handling his cheques near or above their bet?
Is the players hand near or over the bet?
They could be adding or subtracting from their bet.
When the player takes money off his bet this is called Pinching and when he adds money to his bet this is called Pressing or Capping the Bet.
These players will usually choose 1st or 3rd base, since those are the hardest spots to watch.
Is there anyone near or on the table that is talking on their phone?
If you see anyone with a cell phone politely tell them to put it away.
If there are any problems then call over the floor.
Never do this, especially if there are players on either table because biggest blackjack winnings can get written up for it.
If a player doubles down or splits before the dealer flips a blackjack.
What do you do?
After you flip the blackjack, push back the 2nd bet and take the original bet only.
The floor will come over and pick up the card and check to make sure that there is caught cheating at blackjack squared damage or any marks on it before giving it back.
Train yourself to watch the players bankroll and the way they are playing.
It happens to every dealer.
So instead call over the floor immediately, tell him what happened and then stay polite and quiet.
There is a thin line between giving a player advice and playing their hand for them, which you are not allowed to do.
By saying this, the dealer, hence the casino, is not taking responsibility when the player loses.
Give the seat to the player that wants to play every hand, unless the original player decides to start betting continuously.
There should be a towel hanging from the underside of the table, if not the floormen can bring you one.
Never cover up the cheques with the towel.
And try to save the cards first and foremost.
If the cards are marked by the liquid then the caught cheating at blackjack squared has to be called.
Never knowingly put marked cards in the discard rack.
Sometimes a player will put his bet in the betting circle after the hand has already started.
No bets can be altered once the first card has come out.
Occasionally a player loses their stack theme effect of removal blackjack opinion lucky cheques and begs you to trade them.
Always ask the player to set the money on the table first and then pick it up.
Casino management is allowed to change the table minimum and maximum at any time.
Management may also allow a player to play below or above the limit.
Real Life Experiences Normally, when a person wants to become a dealer, they find a dealing school with connections to a casino.
When you start, you only need to learn one of two games, blackjack or craps.
Craps dealers will usually only deal craps and men tend to get hired more for this game.
Blackjack dealers are also called table game dealers because they will often deal more than one game.
Women tend to get hired more for these games.
Some break-in houses include the downtown casinos or the Gold Coast.
This means that they will hire people with little to no experience and train them while article source are at work.
Your hair must be clean, neat, and groomed.
Usually beards and mustaches are not allowed.
Women are not allowed to wear braids.
Fingernails must be neat and clean.
Wear nice black pants, no jeans, and a long sleeve white button shirt and black shoes.
You will wear these at your audition.
Make sure to smile, be happy and pleasant.
During the audition the shift manager will watch your shuffling, making change, cutting cheques, the way you deliver the cards, game protection, to see if you can count, game procedure, caught cheating at blackjack squared and human relations.
If the casino wants to hire caught cheating at blackjack squared expect a credit check, background check, a drug test, fingerprinting, and tour blackjack billy possible Facebook check.
Plus you need to get and regularly update a gaming license.
They will train you the way they want you to deal.
You will either be given a shift or management will ask you what shift you want.
Day Shift is usually from 12pm — 8pm.
Swing Shift is usually from 8pm — 4am.
And Graveyard is usually from 4am — 12pm.
Every casino will have different hours for different dealers.
Also, when you first start, you will be required to wear your issued apron every day.
This apron is given to you to cover any pockets that you might have click to see more your pants.
This is to prevent you from stealing cheques.
Every casino is different, and some dealers will get their tokes in their paychecks every two weeks with tax taken out and some dealers are paid with cash in an envelope with no taxes taken out.
In Las Vegas, it is normal for all of the tips to be collected in a 24 hour period and then split evenly among all of the dealers based on the number of hours they worked.
Poker dealers get to keep their own tokes.
You are expected to be at work 30 minutes before your shift starts.
This is because of the extraordinarily long walks that the casino employees must make from the parking lot to the pit.
Plus, at some casinos, you will be expected to change into your uniform at work and look at the road map to figure out where you are for the night.
As the dealer you are the lowest man on the totem pole.
Your floorman is your immediate supervisor.
And his boss is the shift boss and the casino manager is at the top.
If there are any issues or problems then immediately notify the floor.
If you try to handle it yourself you could get fired.
If the Floor handles it wrong then the Floor gets in trouble, not you.
Some floormen will want you to deal one way and another set of floor will want you to deal a different way; and you need to remember which is which.
If you tell the floor about a mistake as soon as you catch it then typically you will not get into trouble.
If the floorman or camera catches you making a mistake then you might get in trouble.
As a dealer you are not allowed to correct your mistakes, no matter how small you think it is.
You must call over the floor, no matter how long it takes, and tell them what happened and he will correct the error.
The casino uses this pace to rate their players.
As a dealer you must be in a certain range.
Usually, break-in houses expect 300 hands per hour.
This equates to 5 spots a minute including the shuffles.
Off strip casinos average 400 hands per hour which equates to 7 spots a minute including the shuffles.
And the strip casinos average 500 hands per hour which equates to 8 spots a minute including the shuffles.

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Card counting is simply using your brain, like a winning chess player.
Fortunately, using your brain is still perfectly legal in the US!
There are a couple reasons why people think card counting is illegal.
Card counting is simply using your brain, like a winning chess player.
Fortunately, using your brain is still perfectly legal in the US!
There are a couple reasons why people think card counting is illegal.
They may beat you sometimes, but you will win more often over the long-haul.
Blackjack just happens to be the only casino game that can be consistently beaten EXACTLY how they offer it.
Many people think you have to be a rocket scientist or brain surgeon to learn to beat card counting.
We are there for your money!
But they are there for 1 reason: to empty your bank account.
How could someone arrest you for using your brain inside a casino?
If card-counting ever becomes illegal that would mean you can now legislate people's thoughts.
Card counting in a casino is different from cheating in a casino which you CAN be arrested for because of one key distinction: Card counters do not change the outcome of the game.
A card-counter does not cause different cards to hit the felt than the ones the dealer deals to them.
They don't add cards to the deck or switch.
Loading… Card counting is not illegal in any state in the US or in most of the rest of the world for that matter.
How could someone arrest you for using your brain inside a casino?
If card-counting ever becomes illegal that would mean you can now legislate people's thoughts.
Card counting in a casino is different from cheating in a casino which you CAN be arrested for because of one key distinction: Card counters do not blackjack rules value the outcome of the game.
A card-counter does not cause different cards to hit the felt than the ones the dealer deals to them.
They don't add cards to the deck or switch cards with other players.
A card counter plays the cards he or she is dealt according to the rules the casino has posted.
The reason card counters win, is because they know WHEN the next cards might favor them and they can choose to raise their bet before the cards are dealt.
They can't change the cards that come to them, but they can prepare for the cards they expect to come.
Casinos cannot arrest you for caught cheating at blackjack squared while playing blackjack.
Everyone playing the game is thinking about it and trying to make decisions that are good for them.
Most people just make poor decisions.
They are a business, so they can caught cheating at blackjack squared you not to play the game if they want to.
It's as much their right to ask you to leave as it is your right to count cards.
When the casino asks you not to play, a typical thing you will hear them say is, "I'm sorry but you're just too good for us.
You read more play any other game but blackjack.
The casinos continue to offer a beatable game because that's why people play it.
Even though most people don't have the skills to beat the game, people like the idea of playing a game that is beatable.
That means the casino's only choice in offering the game is to watch out for card counters and ask them not to play, so they can continue fleecing the people that think they can get the better of the game.
Those are their best customers.
For a fun experiment, call up the nearest casino and ask them if counting cards at their casino is against the rules.
Ask them if you win a lot of money over a long period of time if they will ask you not to play.
You will get some pretty squirmy responses.
There is a difference between doing something illegal and doing something that someone doesn't like.
It's not illegal to talk on your phone in the movie theater but you might get kicked out for doing it.
It's the same kind of thing.
More info here: Card Counting involves mental methods to keep track of how many ten-point cards have been played so far, in comparison to the number of lower point cards that have been played.
Then, when the odds are in your favor, you adjust the size of your bets accordingly.
Why do casinos use multiple decks?
Card counting is not very effective when there a lots of cards that have not yet been revealed, so.
Loading… Card Counting involves mental methods to keep track of how many ten-point cards have been played so far, in comparison to the number of lower point cards that have been played.
Then, when the odds are in your favor, you adjust the size of your bets accordingly.
Why do casinos use multiple decks?
Card counting is not very effective when there a lots of cards that have not yet been revealed, so the effectiveness of card counting declines when dealers use multiple decks.
In addition, those dealers do not wait until the deck has been fully dealt out which would help the card blackjack mistake free bet />Instead, the decks are reshuffled long before the card counters would get much useful information.
Thanks, Charles Neilsen, for the suggestion.
This is a very simple, and not guaranteed accurate, answer to the question: What is card counting and why is it illegal?
Thanks for the question Peter, Card counting is keeping track of how many Aces and tens are in the deck compared to the low numbers.
If you have a high number of high cards and aces in the deck then the chances of you getting blackjack is higher than normal.
And since you get paid a bonus for blackjack and the dealer does not this is good.
If there is a high number of low cards in the remaining deck than then dealer has a better chance of not busting.
So, this helps the house.
Remember that if you go bust and the dealer also goes bust YOU LOSE.
So, this is good for the house.
The casino does n.
Loading… Thanks for the question Peter, Card counting is keeping track of how many Aces and tens are in the deck compared to the low numbers.
If you have a high number of high cards and aces in the deck then the chances of you getting blackjack is higher than normal.
And since you get paid a bonus for blackjack and the dealer does not this is good.
If there is a high number of low cards in the remaining deck than then dealer has a better chance of not busting.
So, this helps the house.
Remember that if you go bust and the dealer also goes bust YOU LOSE.
So, this is good for the house.
The casino does not want you to get an edge in any game so they will ban counters after watching them for a while.
This is https://allo-hebergeur.com/blackjack/blackjack-cli-ruby-github.html illegal.
However, if you use a device to help you count then that is illegal.
I of course, disagree with this law since the casino uses cameras and computers to watch you but that is legal!!!
There is a big difference between being banned and going to prison.
I guess it may be in some countries??
This may be as low as 51% vs49% but still an edge.
If the player knows this th.
I guess it may be in some countries??
This may be as low as 51% vs49% but still an edge.
If the player knows this then he can significantly increase his bet size.
Well when a lot of non 10 cards and non aces have been consumed.
This by inference will mean that there are a lot of 10 cards and aces left to come.
And both the dealt and player are more likely to pull 10 and aces.
So as it seems to favour both the player and house why should that be an advantage to the player.
A ten for player makes his hand and a ten for house busts the house the whole principle of the player standing on a 12,13,14,15,16hand vs the house 3,4,5,6 becomes even more profitable when the deck is rich in tens.
The player has the option of refusing to bust and the house has no choice.
What would you do on 16 vs a house deuce of the deck is rich in tens.
You can stand, the dealer does not have that option.
Card counting is neither illegal nor cheating.
The courts have ruled time and again that it is simply using your mind in a game of skill which of course is neither cheating or illegal.
The only reason casinos in Nevada and several other states can ask card counters to leave has nothing to do with the illegality of card counting.
They are allowed to click the following article anyone who is actually winning to leave because it is private property as long as it is not based on race, gender, etc.
Loading… Card counting is neither illegal nor cheating.
The courts have ruled time and again that it is simply using your mind in a game of skill which of course is neither cheating or illegal.
The only reason casinos in Nevada and several other caught cheating at blackjack squared can ask card counters to leave has nothing to do with the illegality of card counting.
They are allowed to ask anyone who is actually winning to leave click at this page it is private property as long as it is not based on race, gender, etc.
It's not just card counters they kick out, they ban anyone who actually wins on a consistent basis.
It is a waste of time and not illegal since it cannot be proven.
Card counting is only when you have a single deck for blackjack and knowing there are 16 cards with a 10 value and 4 Aces in a 52 card deck.
Your chances are that you will get about 40 cards before reshuffle.
So you need to know which cards are not in play, and how many there are etc… to even try and count which card is going to show up next.
A simplified answer is: Counting, using no devices, including moving chips around to keep track is not illegal anywhere.
Counting with a device of any kind is cheat at play, you WILL be charged.
You then apply the knowledge to your basic strategy decisions and alter your wagers to match.
Hey, Card counting isn't illegal, it's legal and it's all good because it helps you make money and take the advantage of the casino over you, so that is why the casinos don't like card counters as right! como se juega blackjack 21 consider lose money this way.
All casinos would ask you to leave if you were thought to be card counting.
If you were able to successfully card count then why would they ask you to leave?
Simple really - although casinos like the publicity that a big winner brings them, too many of them isn't exactly what keeps them in business.
As many other answers have stated already, card counting is NOT illegal.
Casinos can in fact ask anyone to leave, just as any service establishments can refuse service to anyone.
Think of bars bouncing folks for being too drunk.
The only part about card counting that can be considered illegal is if you don't pay taxes on your card counting income.
Consult to your tax advisor s about that.
No, card counting is not illegal unless some type of electronic device is used.
Because casinos are private property, they can ask customers to leave their property if they don't like their behavior.
Other than that, there are no laws in the United States banning card counting in casinos.
As of September 2012, card counting is legal under federal, state, and local laws in the United States as long as no external card counting device or person assists the player in counting cards.
It is however frowned upon by casinos.
Source: No, but it is frowned upon and if they catch you they'll ask you to leave.
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Hey, so I got into card cheating about 6 months ago and this never struck me. a game of poker or blackjack withought everyone suspecting me :/.. It's wrong to cheat at every level and if you get caught cheating you are in big trouble... time to erase, and any back slipping will put you back to square one.

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